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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1047] (84/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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KHA—KHA
1047
Name.
Position.
Nature.
Remaeks.
on its own wells,
6 fathoms in depth.
As at Sulaimlyah,
the headman of the
village belongs to
the 'Aid tribe.
Zamaijah
Some miles to the
south-west of Dilam.
A small settlement of
about 10 houses.
The inhabitants are
slaves belonging to
Dawasir residents
of the Aflaj dis
trict.
Apparently the settled population of the Kharj district, among whom the 'Aid are
the most characteristic tribe, amount to some 3,000 persons only, and half of them
inhabit Dilam town ; they are said to be of a milder disposition than the people of
'Aridh. Their houses are of sun-dried brick and mud with a coating of cement,
which gives them a white appearance. The Bedouins of the district, who outnumber
the townsmen and villagers and have been placed at 8,000 souls, are said to be chiefly
'Ajman of the 'Arjah and Al Shamir sections, Sabai', 'Ataibah, and Dawasir of the
J Ju'aid section; they are well armed with breeach-loading rifles.
In point of fertility Kharj ranks high among the districts of Southern Najd. The
water level is only 6 to 8 fathoms below the surface, and dates and cereals are produced
in large quantities ; among fruits other than dates are grapes, lemons, pomegranates,
and figs ; lucerne and melons are also included among the products of Kharj. Kharj ia
said to contain running streams and large date plantations.— {Leachman.) Domestic
animals are camels, donkeys, horned cattle, and sheep and goats ; but horses, unless
belonging to Ibn Sa 'ud or the Bedouins, are hardly seen in the district. Such trade as
exists is concentrated in Dilam town.
Communications. —The ordinary route from Kharj to Hasa leaves the district at
Yamamah and, skirting the Sahabah tract which is on the right hand, falls into the
Riyadh-Hofuf route at Tarabi or Abu Jifan. The distance from Yamamah to Abu
Jifan is stated at 3 days by caravan.
Administration. —As explained in the article on Dilam, the Wahhabi Amir at present
governs Kharj through an official without local connections who is stationed at Dilam
and occupies a fort within the walls. Taxes are collected from the nomadic as well as
from the sedentary population of the district.
KHARJAH—
A group of knolls close to the Batin depression (g.v.), in north-eastern Arabia.
KHARKHARAH—
A tract in the Diwaniyah Qadha {q.v.) in 'Iraq.
KHARMAH—
A tract in the Sanjaq of Hasa immediately to the south of the oasis of the same name ;
it is bounded on the north by the oasis, on the west by Ghuwar, and on the other two
sides by Jafurah. The length of Kharmah from north to south is about 40 miles, and it
tapers from about 30 miles in breadth at its northern end to about 15 at its southern
extremity ; the loss of breadth appears to be chiefly upon the east side. Jabal Arba' is
situated oa the border between this tract and the Hasa Oasis.

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Content

Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1047] (84/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023727632.0x000055> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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