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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1119] (168/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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According to Burton, an alternative name for Wadi Laimun. Burckhardt refers to
Al-Madhiq as being a defile on the road between Mecca and 'Arafat; he says that at 4.^
hours' journey from Mecca the mountains close in again and a narrow pass, called Al-
Mazamain or Al-Madhiq, leads across them for half an hour after which the view opena
upon the plain of 'Arafat.
A halting place, inTrucial 'Oman, on the route between Dibaiand the Baraimi oasis.
It lies about 50 miles south-south-east from Dibai and is said to possess water-holes.
A tract in the Rahabah Nahiyah of the Najaf Qadha {q. v.).
MADHMAR (J abal)—
A hill near the town of Adam in 'Oman Proper.
A village in Yemen, situated some 10 miles south-east of Hais on the route to Ta'iz.
It lies in'a mountainous district and possesses good water from both streams and wells.
A few hundred yards to the west of the village is Wadi Dami.
A locality on the le'ft bank of the Tigris {q.v.), between Ezra's Tomb and Qurnah.
A small village in Wadi Arfa, Hadbramaut, 12 or 14 miles to the north-west of Shihr.
A camping ground, in Hejaz, some 30 miles from Al 'Ali along the route to Al-Wajj.
A village in Yemen, situated some 20 miles (crowfly) east-north-east from Sana'a.
—[Hunter's map of Arabia.)
A well in northern central Arabia, situated on the route between the Tayma oasis
and Jauf-al-'Umr at a distance of 12 or 14 miles from the latter. Madid is outside, but not
far from, the Nafud.
A small plain in north-western Arabia ; the centre of it lies some 25 miles from ' Aqabah
on the route to Ma'an. Al-Madifain is waterless.
A town situated in the Hejaz, 130 miles east by north from Yanbo' and 808i
miles by rail south-south-east of Damascus, in 25° North and rather more than 40 E*st
It was the refuge of Muhammad when he fled from Mecca and is a renowned place of
Moslem pilgrimage, consecrated by the possession of his tomb, though some doubt exists
as to whether he was really buried there. , , , . ,, ,
Al-Madinah stands in a basin at the north extremity of an elevated plain, on the west
skirt of the mountain range which divides the Red Sea coastlands from the centra
plateau of Arabia. It is just west of Mecca and stands at an elevation of 2,300
fieot. At six miles to the north it is dominated by Mount Ohod, an out -lying spur
th« great mountains, the scfene of the defeat of Muhammad by the Mecca forces, and the
site of the tomb of the Prophet's uncle Hamza, who was killed m the battle. To the
east the plain is bounded by a long line of low hills eight or ten hours distant, over which

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1119] (168/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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