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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1162] (211/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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inhabitants are 120 families of Hamidah engaged as pearl divers and fishermen and also as
ferrymen between Manamah and Muharraq Town. Another suburb known asKa'im-al-
Kabirah, once a separate village but now connected with the west end of the town,
consists of about 600 reed huts with a few masonry houses and is inhabited by about
3,000 low-class Baharinah dependent on boat-building and the pearl fishery.
Resources and water-supply. —About 500 date palms belong to the town proper and
another 800 to the N'im-al-Kablrah suburb. Livestock include 21 horses, 175 donkeys
and 135 cattle in the town itself ; 6 donkeys and 8 cattle in the Ras-ar-Rumman suburb }
and 18 donkeys in the suburb of Na'Im-al-Kabirah.
The better classes at Manamah buy their drinking water from camelmen of Rifa-
ash-Sharqi and Rifa'-al-Gharbi who bring it for sale from the Hanaini and Umm
Ghuwaifah wells of their respective villages. The water used by the poorer inhabitants
if. procured from one of two sources, Quful and 'Ain Muqbil; the former of these is
a cistern, about 1 mile west of the fort, which is filled by the surplus water of several
springs ; the latter is a well sunk in the coral rock between the British Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
and the American Mission, in open ground belonging to Haji-Muqbil-adh-Dhakari,
the leading Najdi merchant. The water of Quful is always contaminated by the
ingress and washing of men and animals, while that of 'Ain Muqbil is natrurally very
brackish ; but the servants of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. get their drinking water from the
first, and the animals of the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. are watered at the second. Water from both is
hawked about the town by carriers ; that from Quful fetches one pice per goatskin.
For washing purposes nearly every house or courtyard in Manamah possesses a shallow
well in which the water stands at about 6 feet below the surface.
Trade and shipping. —Manamah exists chiefly by its trade, which forms the bulk of
that described in the article on the Bahrain Principality. There is considerable dealing
in shark's skin. Locusts are freely sold in the bazaars as an article of food, being
pickled and pressed into barrels. The bazaar contains about 450 shops. To
Manamah Town belong 2 baghlas, 6 bums, 1 shu Vu and 100 mdshuwahs and
jolly-boats;* while 1 baghlah, 2 bums, 1 baqdrah and 15 mdshuwahs and jolly boats
all used for pearling, are owned by the inhabitants of the Ras-ar-Rumman suburb.
Foreign interests and institutions. — Manamah is the seat of the British Political
Agent in Bahrain, and a charitable dispensary and post office are attached to the
Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. . A mission of the Reformed (Dutch) Church of America in Bahrain have their
headquarters at Manamah, where they maintain a book depot for the sale of the Bible
and of other books printed in the languages of the Gulf. There is also a " Mason
Memorial Hospital '' belonging to the Mission which was built in 1902 ; it has 20 beds,
and in 1904 medical attendance was there afforded on no less than 17,000 occasions.
An Arabic-English day school with 68 enrolled pupils also forms part of the Mission.
A eiy small hamlet situated in a vallev connected with Wadi Ham (g.v.), in Trucial
'Oman. w "
• ^ > n f^ a ; r •^ ann ^_ A tribe of non-Bedouin Arabs, pearl divers and pearl merchants
m Bahrain and Qatar. ^ In Bahrain they have 100 houses at Qalali, 10 at Muharraq
Town and 10 tit Hadd ; in Qatar, 10 at D5hah and 70 at Abu Dhaluf. They are Maliki
Sunnis in religion and claim to be Bani Tamlm by descent.
MAKAR (Jabal)—
The name of two distinct mountain ranges in Yemen. The first overlooks the
a IT c 0m ^ P0in J t0 the west of the settlement of Bau'an, which is
^ ^ 11868 to a hei g ht of nearly 10,000 feet. The second
10?006 feet 13 SOme 8 0r 9 mileS north - eas t ^om Ibb and rises over
*Bent says about 400 boats.

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1162] (211/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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