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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1201] (250/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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miles east of this is a high mountain, called Jabal Ayub, overtopping the other summits
of the chain of which it forms a part and covered in many spots with trees. It is in
habited by the 'Auf tribe. The whole road fr^m Kullaiyah to this place is dangerous
on account of the robberies of these Bedouins and caravans never pass without losing
some of its loads or camels. At the Masturah wells Burckhardt saw several flocks of
camels and sheep belonging to the 'Auf.
According to native reports in 1912, nearly a century after Burckhardt's time, the
water supply at Masturah is now scarce.
An Arab tribe of 'Iraq belonging to the neighbourhood of Karbala and inhabiting
both banks of the Husainiyah canal from the Euphrates down to the Pul-i-Sufaid, as
well as some land on the Mshorab canal to the west of the Shatt-al-Hindiyah : they
seem to occur also on the left bank of the Euphrates a little above Musaiyib. The bulk
of the tribe dwell in hamlets of grass, thorn and mat huts sprinkled along the banks of
the Husainiyah canal, but the leading men have brick-built castle. The Mas'ud are
about 7,000 souls. As a tribe they are reputed brave, generous and hospitable, and
they have about 1,000 horses ; but only the Shaikhs possess modern firearms. In
religion they are Shi'ahs ; by occupation they are agriculturists and graziers owning
cattle, buffaloes and sheep. They are generally at feud with the Yasar and live in
amity and alliance with the Janabiyln. The small Khadhirat and Zumailat tribes are
politically dependent on the Mas'ud, and some would even classify the latter as a section
of the Mas'ud. The Mas'ud joined the townspeople of Karbala in their rebellion in
1843 against the Turkish Government. They are exempt from conscription for Turkish
military service. The official Shaikh of the tribe, recognised by the Turks, is Ibrahim-
ibn-Haji Hatmi; but the real Shaikh is Haji Sa'ud, eldest son of Haji Hatmi; there
is not however any dissension between these two. The Mas'ud comprise the following
sections: A1 Bu Ghanim, Harlr, Inaqabat, Qarid and Shukan: in all there are about 15
different sub-divisions. The Mas'ud are said to be of Shammar origin-
See Dawasir tribe of southern Najd ; Far]an sub-division of the A1 Hasan.
A fendy of the Southern Shammar tribe {q. v.), of the 'Abdah division. There is also
a fendy of this name of the Aslam division of the same tribe.
MAS'UD (F al-aj)—
A village in the Baldan-al-Hirth division of Sharqlyah {q. v.), in the 'Oman Sultanate.
MAS'UD (Has Shaikh)—
A prominent cape in the Ruus-al-Jibal district (q. v.), of the 'Oman Sultanate ; it
points north and covers the entrance to Khor-ash-Sham from the west.
MAS'UD (W ilad)—
A section of the Bani Ruwahah tribe (q. v.), of the 'Oman Sultanate.
An encampment in the Baraimi oasis (q. v.), in independent 'Oman.
MAT (Al)—
A group of wells in the Syrian desert, 7 miles north of Rutbah (q. v.).
A hamlet in Yemen on the route between Bait-al-Faq r h and 'Udain and situated
between JVadi Sedekh and Wadi Zabld near their junction.
A village in the Hasa oasis (q. v.), in eastern Arabia. I
C52(w)GSB 7p

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1201] (250/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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