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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1319] (368/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A mountain which Palgrave describes as " a pyramidical peak some seven hundred
feet high and about 10 miles south of Qatif. It belongs to a series of hills among which
this mountain, the Mushahhar, or conspicuous, is the only one that attracts notice;
this intervening range divides the territory of Qatif from the province of AI-Hasa."
This Mushahhar range is probably identical with Jabal-adh-Dhahran, in Barr-adh-
Dhahran {q. v.), and the pyramidical peak of Palgrave is probably Jabal Mudrah.
A station on the Baghdad-Samarrah section of the Baghdad railway; it is situated
some 22 miles from Baghdad and 4 miles from the right of bank the Tigris, The water
supply is plentiful from wells. Not far from the station is Khan Mushaidiyah, formerly
a well-known halting place on the route between Baghdad and Mosul, via the right bank
of the Tigris. The khan is of brick, 100 yards by 90 outside measurements ; stabling
all round, walls 18 feet high, parapet on top 5 feet high ; the top is crenelated. There is
a balakhana with three rooms ; the whole is solidly built; drain holes on roof, at 12-foot
intervals, could be used as loopholes. There is a semi-circular bastion at each corner
and a small square one in the centre of the curtain. On the east side, facing the main
gateway at a distance of 60 yards, is an old Zaptieh post of sun-dried tricks; it has
two storeys, with two rooms on top and stabling for 6 horses beneath, and a small court
yard, 15 yards by 12. Ten yards to the south of this post is a well, the water, which is
brackish but perennial, being about 6 fathoms below the surface. On the north side
of the khan are some native mud huts at 40 yards distance. Inside the khan, above the
stables, is a terrace, 39 Teet wide, with the domes of the stables sticking up through it,
! The river is about 4 miles away to the east. The country round Mushaidiyah is almost
a desert.
A halting place on the western route between Karbala and Hail. It is situated a few
miles to the north-west of Sha' b Hisib, at a distance of between 130 and 140 miles from
Karbala and consists of a camping ground and some cisterns in which, however, it is not
safe to trust to finding water after the middle of May. The Mushaiqlq cisterns are in a
small tract of the sa-rie name which adjoins that of Al-Majamir and lies to the north of
it.— {Leachman, 1910.)
A group of wells just outside the town of Dohah {q. v.), in Qatar, Eastern Arabia, tiee
also places and features in the interior of Qatar,
The name of a large canal which takes out of the Tigris (left bank) above 'AmSrah
and just to the north of the Jahalah canal. For the first 14 or 15 miles of its course,
the Musharrah cannal trends eastward, after which it bends to the south-east and be
comes lost in the Khor Hawizeh. In the high-water season it is navigable for boats
drawing 4' to about the Khor 'Ob .iid tower. This canal gives its name to a large and
important muqatd'ah of the 'Amarah district.
A section of the A1 Wahibah tribe {q. v.), of the Sharqiyah and Ja'alan districts of the
'Oman Sultanate.
A rich tract of country, on the right bank of the Shatt-al-Hindiyah {q. v.), of which
Abu Sikhair is the headquarters.
MUSHMAR (Jabal)—
A hill in 'Oman Proper on the east of the route from Mahot to Manah ; it is about 18
miles by road from Manah and 7 from Adam and rises some 800 feet above the track.

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1319] (368/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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