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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1362] (417/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Khan Qr, ah
Khazaz (Jabal)
Miskah ..
Nir (Jabal-ar>-)
Shiffa ..
South- Western District —-conti.
A hamlet of the Sabai tribe in the desert, 12 hours' march east
wards of Jabal-an-NIr ; it is a halting place on the Riyadh-
Mecca route. There are corn-fields and a score of wells holdiug
sweet water at 7 fathoms.
A small range of hills running parallel to the ' Anaizah-Mecca
route near Dukhnah at a distance of 4 or 5 miles to the north
west. Here is said to have been fought in pre-lslamic times a
decisive battle between the Tubba' of Yaman and Kukih, Shaikh
of the Rabi'ah.
A hamlet of 30 mnd houses a few miles north of Dhariyah; it is
surrounded by a wall with 4 towers. The inhabitants are Arabs
of mixed origin. The wells contain good water at 8 fathoms, and
cereals are grown, but no dates. Sheep and goats are numerous
an 1 there are a few other animals. 'Ataibah and Mutair Bedou
ins encamp in the vicinity, the former in summer.
A mass of low hills about 120 miles south by west of 'Anaizah
on the south -east side of the route to Mecca and adjacent to it.
Jabal-an-Nir stands in a hollow and is masked from the north by
a detached hill called Kadhadiyah ; the drainage of the surround
ing desert gravitates to the depression which surrounds Jabal-al-
Nir and supplies several groups of wells, one of which, Hanabij,
is said to comprise 200 borings. Jabal-an-Ni-* is low on the
north, and its contours are mild. The route divides it from
the hills of Shi'ar and Shi'abah to the north-west of which the
latter is craggy and said to contain many Badun or wild groats.
A village in the desert, probably to the west-south-west of Washam ;
the route from Shaqrah to Mecca is said to pass through it.
Altogether there may be 100 houses; the inhabitants are Bani
Zaid, Bani Khalid of the 'Arafah section and Bani Khadhir,
along with a few 'Ataibah and Qahtan. The Bani Khalid
live in a separate Qasr which is a mile or two to the south-west of
the main village. Dates, cereals, vegetables, lucerne and melons
are grown. Water is at 6 fathoms, livestock are numerous ex
cept horses. The Shaikh is of the Bani Zaid, at present 'Ab-
A largish village of 100 or more houses on the route from Riyadh
to Mecca, about midway between Duwadimi and Khanuqah.
The Arab inhabitants are mostly Bani Zaid of the Qaihab section,
but some Sabai', 'Ataibah and Qahtan are also found. In
number Bani Khadhir and slaves predominate over the Arabs.
There are a few date palms and numerous wells with sweet water
at 9 fathoms. According to Meccan information, the authority
of the Sharif of Mecca begins and that of Ibn Sa'ud ends at
Sha'arah, but it is not certain that this has the acceptance of
Ibn Sa'ud.
A group of 20 Nvells on the ordinary route from 'Anaizah to Mecca
35 to 40 miles south by west of Dukhnah. They contain good
water at 3 fathoms and are frequented by 'Ataibah Bedouins.
A desert tract on the first part of the route from'Anaizah to Mecca.
The true application of the name is uncertain ; by some it is
given to the stretch between Rass and the wells of 'Afif, by
others (who consider it to be identical with Hazam-ar-Raji) to
the tract next beyond 'Afif.
Political organization and external relations. —The normal constitution of Jabal Sham-
mar, Qasim and Southern Najd, the three states which together compose Central Arabia,
is described in the articles under their names. Each of those articles, however, ends with
the intimation that an ostensible Turkish sovereignty or suzerainty has been established

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1362] (417/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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