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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1370] (425/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A large village, or small town, at the head of Wadi-al-Hammam in the Western Hajaf
District of the 'Oman Sultanate, The site of Nakhl is enclosed on the south and east by
mountains, and to the west of it is an intricate country of low hills and ravine. The
approach from Wadi Ma'awal is impressive ; at first only a watch tower on a pinnacle
200 feet high is visible : next a fort on a hill comes in sight; finally on skirting the base
of the pinnacle, and passing under a two-arched viaduct, houses, palms, gardens, orchards
and cultivations burst suddenly on the view. The settlement is scattered through date-
groves and covers an area of perhaps 4 square miles : the date plantations, containing
25,000 palms, leave little space for other cultivation. There are 11 permanent quarters,
some of which possess more than one Sablah or public hall, and other temporary quarters
spring up in ths date season. The elevation above th3 sea is 1,100 feet, and, as Nakhl
receives the sea breeze and is shelterd from hot winds, the climate is generally fresh and
agreeable. The fort, which stands on an eminence betwe3n the pinnacle rock already
mentioned and a hill called Jabal Laban, is not now in a serviceable state. Nakhl is celebrat
ed for its hot springs : of these the largest group, including Hammam Thuwarah and
about 20 others, rise among gardens at the head of the valley: on the otherside of the
towo is a second group, of which the best known is Hammam 'Adaisah. These springs
are tasteless and inodorous : their highest temperature is 106 o F.
The population of Nakhl is mixed : the tribes of which it is composed belong mostly
to the Ghafiri faction and include Salamiyin (200 houses), Bayasirah (100 houses), Bani
Harras (65 houses), Kunud (50 houses), Ya'aribah (50 houses), Bani Kharus (40 houses),
Bani Hadhram (25 houses), Sarairiy:n (20 houses), Nabahinah (20 houses), Yahamidah
(15 houses), Bani Jabir (10 houses), Hirth of the Khanajirah section (7 houses), and
Bani Azzan (4 houses). Some of the leading citizens of Nakhl belong to the Bani Harras.
There are not many negroes and those are Mutawalladin with Arab blood : no Zatut or
resident Persians are now to be found here. The total population of Nakhl is about
2,500 souls.
The date-groves are prolific and their produce is celebrated, the Naghal date of Nakhl,
a long-shaped variety, being held in high estimation. The water of the spring is entirely
expended in irrigation. There is one water-mill for grinding flour. The bazaar consists
of two streets and comprises over 60 shops. Turbans called Wizrah and lungis called
Taurir are made, but these manufactures are not peculiar to Nakhl. Porous earthenware
vessels for cooling water are manufactured by local potters, mostly of the Sarairiyan
tribe, from bluish clay mixed with sand, some of which comes from Musilmat. Barkah
if the port of Nakhl.
. r ^ ero are ^ schools in Nakhl, but the people are not more educated than elsewhere in
The Sultan of Oman maintains here a Wali who is supposed to collect as revenue for
^ Ster th ® V{ * lue of to of the agricultural produce, especially of the dates; about
SI,200 are realised annually under this head, but there is no surplus over local expendi-
ture to be remitted to the nasqat treasury. The Sultan of "Oman's authority is main-
! tamed by a garmon of 25 men. The present Sultan (Saiyid Faisal) owns some date
groves and land at Nakhl as his pnvate property ; they are worth $1,000 a year and are
^GctzeUeer) aSSIgn t0 the Wali as a g ran t-in-aid for public purposes.—(Persian Qulf
NAKHL (Jabal)—
Svdtanite ^ 0f Jabal Akhdhar ^ v '^ 111 the Western Hajar District of the'Oman
An important valley in Yemen, which debouches at Kitabah {q.v.).
m^lteSve 8 !^ ^ ^u.^ mOnt . 0ry and according to some authorities
at a distance of some 40 miles south-south-east from Dib^L

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1370] (425/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 February 2020]

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