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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1429] (490/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Balrinali coast, for sea-going steamers continued to smuggle arms in amongst bales of
merchandise at various ports of call. But after making all allowances, it would seem
that as a result of the Arms Warehouse, barelv a tenth of the former infiltration of arms
and 'ammunition reached the inhabitants. Moreover, in October 1913, the deportation
of the notorious Baltt hi arms trader' Ali Musa Khan, and his banishment .or five years,
served to inspire all ann» traders with a wholesome respect for the State Warehouse
and its regulations. , . c
In May 1913 the rising of the 'Oman tribes, which had been threatening .or a year past,
began to a sume serious proportions under the leadingship of the so-called Imam o
Tanuf, Balim-ibn-Rashid-al-Kharusi. The rising was due to the preaching of the prin
cipal Ibadhi Shaikh, 'Abdullah -ibn-Hamaid-as-Salimi, who inflamed any feeling of dis
content at the establishment of the Arms Warehouse, and proclaimed his son-in-law,
Salim-ibn-Rashid, as 'Imam of the Muslimin. The rebellion spread rapidly, Nizwa
falling about the middle of June, followed by Izki and Awabi in the course of the month.
In Julv a bodv of Indian troops was landed at Matrah and they occupied Bait-al-l ala],
a hamlet nearthat port, with a picket posted on Ruwi village At the beginning
of August the forts of Bidbid and Sama'il passed into the hands of the rebels ; and, as a
projected attack on Masqat was rumoured, the garrison at Bait-al-Falaj was doubled
in September. But nothing came of the attack at that time, and the new Sultan, after
his accession, entered into negotiations with the Hinawi tribes and arranged a tempo-
rarv truce. . , i . .i • a • „ i
Throughout the vear 1914 the Imam continued to give trouble in the interior and
made preparations'for a renewed attack. A bombardment of the ports of Barkah and
Quryat in April of that year had a tranquillizing effect upon the coast; but, as a means
of precaution, Indian reinforcements were sent to Masqat in November, By the end ot
the vear the tribes had gathered, and in January 1915 the threatened attack took place,
when a force of Arabs, estimated at 3,000, attacked the British outpost line but met
with a crushing defeat. This success relieved the situation, though the rebel party
still dominates the interior. Meanwhile, the Warehouse has worked well, and io
importation of arms and ammunition has ceased.
Uniformity of physical, social and political conditions throughout that part of Oman
which extends from the frontier of the 'Oman Sultanate on the east to Qatar and the
,Ta ? urah desert on the west requires that the region should be treated as a geographical
^The name Tracial 'Oman.—The region in question consists of the actual possessions of
the Shaikhs of 'Ajman, Abu Dhabi, Dibai, Umm-al-Qaiwain and Sharjah and of the
territories of the tribes who, in fact or in theory, are directly subject to their influence
but in Arabic it has no general name. Among the subjects of the Oman Sultanate the
whole is known as Sham al, either on account of its position with reference to their o\\n
country or because of its exposure to the north-west wind ; and in Eastern Arabia,
further to the northward, the part adjoining Abu Dhabi Town seems to be spoken of as
'Oman-ash-Shamali because it is the northernmost part of 'Oman ; but neither of these
terms is in common use among the inhabitants of the regions which they used to des
cribe. The nearest approach to a recognised general designation is apparently Sahil
'Oman or Coast of 'Oman ; but this expression, though not unknown to the people of the
country, is wanting in precision and distinctiveness and is far from bemg universally
understood. In English official literature a part of the shore line has long been familiar
under the name of " The Pirate Coastbut the term is not sufficiently comprehensive,
and, at the present day, is obsolete and even misleading, inasmuch as the state of affairs
which it once accurately connoted has long since passed away. Regard bemg had to
a perpetual maritime truce which regulates the relations of the rulers to one another and
to the British Government the pentarchy in question maybe styled, not inappropriate
ly, Trucial 'Oman ; but it must be remembered that the trucial obligations of the
Shaikhs do not extend to the interior of their dominions.
The component principalittes of Trucial 'Oman are fully described elsewhere under
their own names ; and the function of the present article is accordingly to correlate
them, to describe the country and its inhabitants as a whole, and to dispose of certain
matters (such as communicat : ons) which could not be dealt with piecemeal under the
names of the separate principalities.

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1429] (490/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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