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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1457] (530/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Is. Tkeij]
QAL—QAL 145?
A village in Wadi Sarrami {q.v.), in the 'Oman Sultanate.
QAL'AH (A l)—
The name given to hamlet in Bahrain Island {q.v.),
QAL'AH (A l)—
In Hejaz ; see Al-Khraibi.
A sandbank of the coast of the Kuwait Principality [q.v.).
^ QALAI'AH (R as-al)—
. Or Ras-al-Qallyah ; a prom'ont'ory on the coast of the Kuwait Principality [q. v.).
QALAI AT-AL- ABID -v —promontories off the coast of the Kuwait Principality {q % v V
QALAI'AH (K hor-al-)—
The name is commonly pronounced as if it were '' Khor Lijlai'ah." A lagoon 2 miles
in width by 3 miles in length, lying to the southward of Muhalrraq Island in Bahrain.
Shelter. —It is enclosed on the south by Sitrah Island and its fringing reef; on the
west by the Island of Bahrain ; on the north by Muharraq Island ; and on the east by a
barrier-reef extending 3 miles to the Southward from Muharraq Island and terminating fn
a rock, one foot above sea level at high water, which is called Qassar-ad-Diwan.
Entrance. —The only entrance available for shipping lies between Qassar-al-Diwan and
the Sitrah reef ; it is two cables wide and has a bar, formed by an extension of the eastern
| barrier-reef which stretches right across its mouth and is 120 yards across at its narrowest
part. In the centre of the bar is a gut, 60 yards wide and generally 16 to 17 feet deep ;
istitreatkmr: but the bottom is rocky and uneven, and in places the depth is only 14 feet. The re-
ray to Haral; mainder of the entrance-channel is from 5 to 7 fathoms deep and steep-to on both sides.
A shoal lies outside the entrance, and there are two approaches, one to the north, the
other to the sOuth of the shoal, of which the northern is the better.
ISmifesiiW Interior. —Within the Khor the 5-fathomIine extends for a mile, enclosing a gutter
| yjHugg, Miis from 1 to 2 cables wide with an average depth of 6 fathoms ; this grutter is situated
8 50 camel 'di between the barrier-reef and a large sandbank which lies in the middle of the Khor. The
4-fathom line extends further northward and encloses an anchorage about 1 mile long
and 3 to 4 cables wide, suitable for vessels of moderate draught. The bottom here is
hard and covered with a thin layer of sand ; it does not afford good holding-ground.
There are two other good anchorages, lying respectively south and west of the middle
gtound, with mud bottom and depths of 4 to 5 fathoms ; but they are difficult of access.
There is abundant anchorage for light-draught ships up to within a mile of Muharraq
Town. A channel which leads from the northwest corner of the Khor into Manamah
harbour is 2 feet deep at low water and consequently fit only for small boats.
Tides. —The velocity of the tidal streams in the Khor is generally about | a knot, the
flood setting to the northward. In the entrance they are much stronger, being about 3
knots at springs, with swirls, eddies and overfalls at the bar.
Naval value. —The entrance of Khor-al-Qalai'ah could be very easily defended by forts
erected on the reef, and ships lying within would be secure from torpedo attack. The
Khor is also perfectly sheltered from all winds. On the Other hand it would be expensive,
if indeed it were possible, to dredge out the entrance and anchorages to the depth neces
sary for large ships; the entrance even after improvement would be difficult, and the
holding-ground inside, as already remarked, is indifferent: in these respects Khor-al-
Qalai'ah does not lend itself to the establishment of a large defended port, but it might
berve as a station for a torpedo flotilla.
Survey. —The Khor was surveyed and reported on by Lieutenant and Commander
H. B. Somerville of H.M.S. " Redbreast " in 1905 and the above are the principal resullg
Of his inquiry,
C52(w)GSB L . 8A

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1457] (530/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 February 2020]

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