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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1472] (545/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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1472
qasim
to it a tribute of one-twentieth of their produce, the corn by measure and the dates
by weight. About 1878-80 'Aushaziyah, Shabibiyah, Wadi and Wahlan were included
in the 'Anaizah sphere of influence, while that of Buraidah comprised 'Ayun, Bukairi
yah, 'Ain Ibn-Fahaid, Hilaliyah, Huwailan, Khabb, Khabrah, Khadhar, Nabqiyah,
Qara'ah, Qisai'ah, Qusaibah, Quwarah, Nabqiyah Rakaiyah, Rass, Rodh, Rodhat-ar-
Rubai'i Sarif, Shamasiyah, Shiqqah.^Tarfiyah and Wathal. The distribution at that
period was probably normal, and from the positions of the places mentioned it is easy to
infer what must have been the political situation of most of the remainder ; in some
cases however the present political connection is specified in the table below. Between
1874 and 1884 the village of Mudhnib and the Washam town of Shaqrah were
also tributary to Buraidah; Mudhnib is still so. The administrative and military
system of 'Anaizah is described in the article upon that town, and the system at
Buraidah is similar.
There is at present (1906) a Turkish cantonment at Shaihiyah and small Turkish garri-
| sons are stationed in 'Anaizah and Buraidah ; in all but name, however, the district is still
independent.
The villages of Upper Qasim are about 40 in number. They are situated by wells
in the valleys and their inhabitants vary between 500 — 3,000. The largest village is
siad to be Qafa. Every village is surrounded by a proportional extent of palm-grovea
gardens, and fields, reaching not unfrequently far down the valley along series of wells,
which mark the direction of some underground water-course. It seems that a new well
opened in the last will diminish the supply of a more westerly one, thereby suggesting
that the slope of the country is in the latter direction.
Topography. —The following is a table of the principal inhabited places in Qasim, in
which is embodied such information as it has been possible to procure regarding each of
them :—
Name.
Position.
Houses and inhabi
tants.
Remarks.
'Amudiyah ..
3 miles north-west
of Qusaibah.
One small Qasr.
Shammar Bedouins
camp here in sum
mer.
There are a few date-
palms and some corn
is grown. Water is
saline at 3 fathoms
from the surface.
'Anaizah .,
••
See article 'Anai/ah.
AnbuwSn
1 or 2 miles east of
Qusaibah.
2 enclosures occu
pied in seasons of
agriculture only.
A small tract where
corn is cultivated and
Shammar Bedouins en
camp in summer.
Water is at 2 fathoms
and is drinkable.
'Aqaiyil (Qasr
Ibn).
About 7 miles west
of Rass.
A Qasr of about 15
houses of 'Ataibah.
There are dates, wells
8 fathoms deep, and
some cultivation of
wheat. This place was
the scene of a Turkish
defeat in 190i. Under
Buraidah.
/

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Content

Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1472] (545/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023727634.0x000090> [accessed 21 February 2020]

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