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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1517] (590/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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own, and these are divided from one another and from the main oasis by intervals of 2 or
3 miles. The intervals are occupied partly by sandhills, but partly also by the marshes
already mentioned. -,,.11
Throughout Qatif generally the atmosphere is denser and heavier, the heat more
oppressive, and the vegetation ranker and more luxuriant than in the twin oasis of Hasa.
The climate of Qatif is damp and unhealthy, and the results of malarial fever are manifest
in the sallow complexin and poor physique of the inhabitants.
Population and inhabited places. —The settled population of the Qatif Oasis is not
large ; it may be reckoned at 26,000 souls in all, viz., 5,000 in the town proper of Qatif,
6,000 more in the suburbs of the same, and 16,000 in the remaining villages of the oasis,
which are 17 in number. Except some non-nomadic Bani Khalid chiefly at Umm-as-
Sahak and a few Huwalah at Qatif Town — who are Sunnis — the peolple of the oasis
are by race nearly all Baharinah and by religion Shi'ahs. There are some negroes, both
enslaved and free, who have been included for statistical purposes in the communities
with whom they live or by whom they are owned ; in religion the great majority of these
are Shi'ahs. The 'Utub, who a century ago dominated the district along with the rest of
the coast on both sides of it and later were displaced by the Wahhabis, have now entirely
disappeared. In addition, to the sedentary population some Bedouins, chiefly of the
Bani Haiir, Bani Khalid and 'Awazim tribes, frequent the oasis and ars held m fear by
the timid Baharinah. It is reported that nearly every male adult in the villages of the
oasis possesses a rifle. • • , , . . ,
The following, given in alphabetical order, are the principal places at present or for
merly inhabited in the oasis :
R emarks.
On the coast, 4
miles south-south-
east of Qatif Town.
A walled hamlet of 20
permanent houses
forming a quarter
which is called
Fariq-al-'A1 a i w a t
after the family of
the Baharinah by
whom it is inhabited.
During 3 months in
the hot weather the
population is great
ly increased by an
influx of Bedouins,
chiefly of Bani
Khalid from the
interior and from
M u s a 11 a miy a h
island and of Bani
Hajir, but among
them are a few Al
Morrah and 'Aj-
man: these visitors
occupy tents and
huts arranged in
Farqan or quarters
of their own and
may be regarded as
semi-permanent re
The name is generally
pronounced 'Anich.
The Bedouins who
flock in during the
summer tend date
planations which
they own here and
work on the pearl
banks. There is a
fort at 'Anik, upon
the sea.

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Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1517] (590/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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