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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1576] (655/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A hamlet in the Masqat District {q. v.), of the Sultanate of 'Oman.
RIYAM (B ani)—
Singular Riyami. A somewhat peculiar tribe of the 'Oman Sultanate, found chiefly
in 'Oman Proper, but also in Jabal Akhdhar and in the upper villages of some of the
valleys in the seaward slopes of Hajar. In 'Oman Proper their settlements are Izki
(450 houses), Kamah (20 houses). Karsha (20 houses), Manah (140 houses), Birkat-al-
Moz (250 houses), Muti (300 houses), Nizwa (500 houses), Tanuf (40 houses)[and Zikait
(15 houses); in Jabal Akhdhar they have Sharaijah (100 houses) and Saiq (CO houses)-
in Wadi Bani Khariis they are found at Misfah (100 houses), and in Wadi Mistal
Hi jar (50 houses), and Qorah (40 houses). Those of Saiq belong to a section called
Jawamid, and those of Misfah to a section called Sharaiqiyin. The 'Azur of Khashbat
'Azur in the Baldan-al-Habiis division of the Sharqiyah District are believed to be con
nected with the Bani Riyam.
The Bani Riyam are said to be of Yamani descent and are reputed to have been among
the earliest Arab settlers in 'Oman ; but they are now attached to the Ghafiri political
faction. In religion they are Ibadhis; none of them are Bedouins. They are a large
tribe of perhaps 11,000 souls, well-to-do and peaceably inclined, but those of the hills
do not bear a good reputation among the people of 'Oman generally, who regard them
as irascible, slothful, immoral and wanting in hospitality; the prejudice against them
may be partly due to their disregard of Muhammadan principles in dinkinga wine which
they themselves manufacture from home-grown grapes. The men, in the hills, are
described as haggard and prematurely old, without the usual vivacity and robustness
of mountaineers ; the women go unveiled and are sometimes of a clear, ruddy com
plexion. The Tamimah of the Bani Riyam is Hamyar-bin-Nasir, who resides at Tanuf;
his father Nasir-bin-Sulaiman exercised much real authority over the tribe and unlike
most other Tamimahs was equally conspicuous in peace and in war.
One of the Hinawi tribes of the 'Oman Sultanate {q. v.).
One of the divisions of the Dawasir tribe (q.v.), of southern Najd.
A tract in the Samawah Qadha {q.v.) in 'Iraq.
A fort in the Dhufar District {q .v.), southern Arabia.
RIZAT (W adi)—
One of the valleys of Jabal Samhan {q.v.) in southern Arabia.
One of the 'Abdah clans of the Southern Shammar tribe {q. v.).
RIZQ (Al)—
One of the Al 'Arjah clans of the 'Ajman tribe {q. v.) of eastern Arabia.
A Bedouin camping ground, with wells, in Biyadh {q.v., Part VI) in the Hasa
District of eastern Arabia.
ROBAH (A btt)—
A tract in the Hindiyah Qadha {q. v. in 'Iraq.
A section of the Bani 'Atiyah tribe {q.v.) of north-western Arabia.

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Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1576] (655/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 February 2019]

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