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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎63v] (138/481)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Lor. I, 769-
Lor. I. 421.
Lor. I, 429.
7. The Wahahi Amirs held Hasa and Nejd.
8. Bahrein was in the possession of the Uttabi Sheikhs, who, originally settled
on the mainland of Arabia at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in Qatar, had expelled the loisums iroin
Bahrein in 1783. The Bahreini Sheikhs, apprehensive of attack by Muscat, had in
1799 made overtures to Persia and paid her tribute. In 1800 they weie tempoiarily
subdued by Muscat.
9. Qatar. —The Uttabi Sheikhs of Bahrein had hereditary possessions in Qatar,
and took refuge there on their expulsion from the islands by Muscat in 1800.
10. The present-day Trneial Coast, then known as the Pirate Coast, was ruled
by Arab Sheikhs, the ancestors of the present Trucial Sheikhs. Of these Sheikhs,
only two were of real importance, the Beni Yas Sheikh of Abu Dhabi and the rival
Jowasimi Sheikh of Ras-al-Khaimah, whose capital was later removed to Shargah.
These rulers were separated by a secular enmity, and belonged to the opposing
religious factions of the Hinawi and the Ghafari. I he iacl that the Kulers ol Muscat!
also belonged to the Hinawi faction formed a link between Muscat and Abu Dhabi.
The Sheikhs of the Pirate Coast held a fringe of varying depth along the coast but
do not appear to have exercised any real influence in the remoter hinterland, which
w T as in the possession of Bedouin tribes.
11. At the eastern end of Arabia was the independent Sultanate of Muscat, at
this time ruled by the able and vigorous Saiyid Sultan, who succeeded in 1 792, and
who had in 1794 extorted a lease of Bunder Abbas and its dependencies fiom
Persia. The Sultan had in 1798 entered into an alliance with the British Govern
ment and had in 1800 agreed to receive a British Political Representative. In the
same year he succeeded in establishing his dominion over Bahrein.
12. The British Government, represented by the Government of India and the
Government of Bombay, were closely associated with Gulf affairs loi commercial
reasons, but their policy in 1800 and until late in the nineteenth century was
essentially to restrict their activities on the Arab littoral of the I eisian Gulf to the
minimum necessary to secure the security of the seas and freedom loi British and
Indian commerce. They were consistently extremely reluctant to involve themselves
in any way in the affairs of the hinterland, save to the extent necessary to secure
these objects. As will be seen from the statement which follows, they were anxious
in these circumstances to observe strict neutrality towards the W ahabis and to
abstain from involving themselves in difficulties with this new and considerabe
mainland Power.
II.—1800--1871. From the first expansion of the Wahabis in Eastern Arabia
to the Conquest of Hasa by the Turks.
1800 to the Death of Amir Abdul Aziz in O ctober —November 1803.
First Wahahi Encroachment in Eastern Arabia.
13. In 1800 the Wahabis for the first time turned their attention to Eastern
Arabia. In that year a Wahabi expedition invaded Oman and occupied the oasis
of Barairni—a strategic point of the first importance commanding the approaches o
Muscat. In 1801 the Sultan of Muscat was forced by the Uttabi Sheikhs to abaiidon
Bahrein. In 1802 a fresh attack on Bahrein by Muscat was repulsed with WahaDi
assistance, but thereafter with brief intervals Bahrein remained unclei a a !
influence till 1811, tendered tribute to the Wahabis in 1803, and afforded uava
assistance to them against Muscat in 1805. By 1802 the whole coast from
to the boundary between Muscat and Shargah at Diba had been reduced to nonllU , a ,
Selections submission, and in 1803 the Sultan of Muscat was forced to conclude a t nice ul
XXIV, 303, the Wahabis, under which Muscat agreed to pay zakat to them, and to allow
429. Wahabi representative to reside at Muscat.
Lor. I, 842.
The Wahabis in Western Arabia, 1800-1804.
14. In Western Arabia in the meantime the \\ ahabis had captured and destioye
Kerbela, and had in 1802 decisively defeated a punitive expedition sent
them by the Turks. Their control of Hasa and Nejd was now complete. . 111 f,
1803 they overran the Hejaz and completed the conquest of the Turkish dis rl .
Lor. I, 1054, on the Red Sea littoral. The Wahabi Amir was murdered at the end of 180.3, a
w r as succeeded by his son, Saud bin Abdul Aziz, who ruled till 1814.

About this item


The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.

The volume includes:

There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).

Extent and format
1 volume (234 folios)

The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎63v] (138/481), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/415, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 March 2020]

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