'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [64v] (140/481)
The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Lor. 1,1076. punitive expedition. Shinas, which was held by a Wababi Governor, was also
forced to surrender. The Government of India, anxious to avoid involving them
selves in any way with the Wahabis, turned a blind eye so far as possible to Wahabi
responsibility (as to the degree of which there is room for difference of opinion) for
the activities of the pirates and gave stringent instructions to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
to avoid involving himself in any way with the W ahabi power.
19. The Wahabi Lieutenant in Baraimi, Syed bin Mutlak, proceeded to Nejd in
1813, whereupon his successor, Tbn Azdakah, was murdered by the Beni Yas of
Dhafrah. On Syed bin Mutlak's return later in the same year, he was himself
Lor. 1,445, killed in action against the Hajriyin of Oman, and was succeeded by Ibn Mazru.
650-1, 1076. j n 1 ^13^ an d again in 1814, the Beni Yas Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, who appears to
have been more independent of Wahabi influence than the Jowasimis, on two
occasions combined with Muscat against the \\ aha bis.
In the autumn of 1814 the Wahabi Amir associated himself with explanations
Lor. 1, 652. and assurances furnished by the de facto Sheikh of Ras-al-Khaima to tue Resident
in regard to the piracies of the Jowasimis, consequent on which a preliminary
agreement, immediately violated by the Jowasimis, was reached in October 1814.
Bahrein and the Wahabis, 1804-1818.
20. The Wahabis assisted the Sheikhs to regain possession of Bahrein from
Muscat in 1801, but the islands thereupon came under the influence of the Wahabi
Amir, to whom they offered tribute in 1803, and with whom they co-operated in
that year and again in 1805 against Muscat. The Government of Bombay in 1805
gave no encouragement to suggestions from the Sheikhs for material assistance to
Lor. 1,842-3 enable Bahrein to withhold her support from the W T ahabis, under whose control
they remained until 1811, when, with the assistance of Muscat, they again regained
their independence. The Sultan of Muscat subsequently claimed that Bahrein had
then accepted a liability to pay tribute to him, and in 1816 he made an attack
Lor. 1, 844. U p 0n the islands which^ thanks to the assistance of the Wahabis, with whom
and with the Jowasimis the Sheikhs now again allied themselves, was, however,
Koweit and the Wahabis, 1804-1818.
21. In 1803 Koweit, like the rest of the coast, was under Wahabi control, and
in that year it assisted the Wahabi Amir in an expedition against Muscat. In
1805 the Sheikh described himself as subject to the Wahabis. But by 1808
Koweit was strong enough to decline to respond to a further appeal for assistance;
a Wahabi attack was driven off in 1809, and the Sheikh of Koweit appears
thenceforward to have remained relatively free of Wahabi influence.
Qatar and the Wahabis, 1804-1818.
Lor. 1, 791. 22. Wahabism was dominant in Qatar between 1809-11, but the Wahabis were
expelled by Muscat in the latter year and the authority of Bahrein re-established.
In 1816, however, Sheikh Rahmah bin Jabir of Khor Hassan and Damman sided
with Muscat against the Wahabis and the Sheikh of Bahrein.
Turkey and the Wahabis; 1804 to the Destruction of the Wahabi Power in 1818.
Lor. 1,1069. 23. In 1804 Mehemet Ali was appointed Viceroy of Egypt, chiefly in order that
he might recover the Hejaz for Turkey. From 1804 to 1810 he concerted his
plans for achieving this object. Between 1810 and 1815 he reconquered the Hejaz
and drove the Wahabi Amirs back into Nejd. In 1815 his lieutenants advanced
into Qasim, and later in the year the Wahabis were severely defeated, submitted to
Tusun Pasha, and sent hostages to Egypt. But the Egyptian Viceroy refused to
ratify the understanding reached, and w T as content with nothing less than the
complete subjection of the Wahabi Amirs. x \n offer to accept an Egyptian
Governor of Nejd and to pay tribute was rejected ; Deriyah was invested, reduced
and destroyed in September 1818 ; and the Wahabi Amir was taken prisoner, sent to
Cairo, and executed at Constantinople. His four brothers were sent to Cairo as
prisoners. The Wahabi power was, for the time being, completely destroyed, and
Turkish (or rather Egyptian) control re-established over Nejd, Hasa, and the Hasa
coastal area in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
About this item
The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.
The volume includes:
- correspondence between APOC and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on the Qatar Oil Concession, mentioning the opportunity to build a refinery in Qatar;
- information about Bahrain [Buraini)] and its surroundings, with list of tribes which paid Zakah to Ibn Saud in 1922 and the Amir of Hasa in 1926, which includes number of men, camels and sheep for each tribe (ff. 45-56);
- 'Historical Memorandum of the relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934' , published by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on 26 September 1934, containing a printed map 'APPENDIX C. MAP SHOWING THE EXTENT OF WAHABI AND OF MUSCAT POWER, 1865 ' (ff. 61-91A);
- draft of Qatar Oil Agreement attached to 14 January 1935 letter from A.P.O.C. to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (234 folios)
The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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