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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎66r] (143/481)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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of the Jowasimis, and less so in that of Abu Dhabi. Up to 1814 they bore heavily
011 the Sultan of Muscat, who, however, retained his independence, although he
mid through much of the period a tribute to the VVahabi Amir. Relations with
the British Government, as represented by the Government of India and the
Government of Bombay, were polite and even friendly ; but the Indian authorities,
while avoiding any cause of quarrel with the Wahabis and closing their eyes to the
responsibility of the Wahabis for the piracies of the Jowasimis, declined also to
involve themselves in any engagements with the Amirs. Between 1814 and 1818
the power of the Wahabis, who lost the Hejaz between 1810 and 1815, was
completely destroyed by the Egyptian forces of Mehemet Ali, and, save to the
extent that it survived as a purely religious movement, Wahabism temporarily
entirely disappeared.
1818-1824.
From the Egyptian Conquest of the Wahabis to the Rise of Amir Turki.
34. In 1819-20 the Government of India effectively subdued the pirates of the
Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , destroyed their forts, and burnt their warships. The Sheikhs in Aitch. XII,
May 1820 entered into a general treaty with H.M. Government to preserve the No. xix,
maritime peace, H .M. Government on their side undertaking certain reciprocal PP-
obligations of protection by sea. The treaties were concluded with the Trucial
Sheikhs as independent rulers. In November 1820 H.M. Government took steps
to subdue the Beni bu Ali of Jaalan in Muscat, who had been converted to
Wahabism by the Wahabi expedition of 1813.
Situation in Trucial Oman in 1822-1823.
35. In 1822, Abu Dhabi, now in control also of Debai, is stated to have been the
firm ally of Muscat. The Jowasimi Sheikhdom of Shargah was peopled by strict
Mohammedans, partly Sunni, partly Wahabi ; Umm al Qaiwain was strictly^Wahabi, Sel
as was for the most part the Sheikhdom of Ajman. In 182o the Jowasimi Sheikhs xxi\, 315,
(as distinct from the Beni Yas of Abu Dhabi and Debai) all appear to have ^>41-3.
acknowledged the general authority of Shargah. V\ hile, however, in 1823 a
large proportion of the people were still Wahabi in sympathy . . .of the secular Lor. I, 687.
power of the Wahabi Amir there was no longer a trace to be found in the country.
Appointment of British Agent at Shargah, 1823.
36. In 1823 a Native Agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. of the British Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. at Bushire was appointed Lor. I, 678.
at Shargah. The post has been maintained since that date.
% 1824-1840.
From the Revival of the Wahabi Power to its Second Overthrow by Egypt.
Amir Turki bin Ahdulla, 1824—1834.
Amir Faisal bin Turki {first reign), 1834-1838.
37. In 1824 Sheikh Turki bin Abdulla, a descendant of the first Wahabi Amir,
collected a force and marched against the Egyptians. At first defeated, he was
subsequently successful. Between 1824 and 1830 he endeavoured to re-establish l or i ' iojh
the A\ ahabi power. In 1830 he completely defeated the Beni Khalid and reconqueied
; in the following year Bahrein and Muscat both temporarily became tributary
to him ; and by 1833 he had fully re-established Wahabi influence on the I rucial
'-oast and in its hinterland and had reoccupied Baraimi. In the same year, however,
Bahrein repudiated the agreement of 1831 and maintained itself against the Amh,
whose coast it blockaded, until 1836, when peace was made. It is recorded in 1830 ^
that, while pretending to be free and independent, "Turki had agreed, and XXIV, 439.
continued, to pay a small annual tribute to Mehemet Ali Pasha, who approved of
8 P r oceedings which he took care to represent in a favourable light.
3076 C

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Content

The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.

The volume includes:

There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).

Extent and format
1 volume (234 folios)
Arrangement

The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎66r] (143/481), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/415, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023727831.0x00008f> [accessed 13 November 2019]

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