'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [68r] (147/481)
The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Wahahi Overtures, 1831.
53. About the middle of 1831 the Wahabi Amir, through the intermediacy of Precis, § 37.
the Sheikh of Ajmao, wrote to the Governor of Bombay expressing his desire to
be upon the same intimate footing as that formerly existing between the British
Government and his ancestor, Saud, and "to have the treaty renewed which was
made between you the British and Imam Saud."
54. Search among the records of the Government of Bombay with reference to
the alleged treaty showed that two documents only could be found bearing on
British intercourse with the Wahabis, viz. those quoted in paragraphs 26 and 2S>
above. The Government of Bombay, in reply to the Amir, wrote as follows :—
"Your communication dated 25th Jumadyooluwul, informing me that by
the appointment of the Ruler of Events you had arrived at the dignity of Chief
of the W ahabi sect, has reached my hands, and given me the gratification
which friends feel when they receive intelligence from friends.
"Your disposition to a friendly understanding is met with reciprocal feeling,
and the terms of amity which existed between this Government and your great
ancestor, Imam baud, will still remain in force, and, I cherish hopes, will never
be broken or infringed. 1 send this letter by the hands of your faithful
dependent Esa bin Hassan to express the same."
Mr. Lorimer remarks that the relative ignorance existing in Bombay at this Lor. 1,1096.
time ol the position in Central Arabia is evidenced by the use of the phrase
"ancestor " of the Imam Saud, who belonged to the same generation as the then
Amir, and had died only in 1814.
British Attitude, 1833-1840.
55. The question of the attitude to be adopted in the event of the Wahabi Amir
J absorbing Muscat was considered by the Government of India and the Government G of , t()
of Bombay in 1833-34. The Government of India intimated that they were not Bo. '1.2.34.
prepared to send an expedition to maintain the continental possessions of Muscat
and instructed the British authorities in the Gulf " to observe a strict neutrality
in any disputes that may arise between him [the Sultan of Muscat] and any of his
neighbours on the continent of Arabia."
56. On the second Egyptian invasion of Nejd in 1837 to 1839, the Government
of India (see paragraphs 59-62 below), moved by considerations of European Nejd Px^ecis,
policy, spared no efforts to counteract the progress of the Egyptians and to persuade § 45.
the Trucial Chiefs and the Beni Nairn of Baraimi to co-operate against them.
The Egyptians and Eastern Arabia.
P F all of the Wahabi Amir.
57. The Amir Feisul surrendered and was sent to Egypt as a prisoner in
December 1838, and by the beginning of 1839 the Egyptians were in complete
control of Nejd and Ilasa. Hitherto they had supported a puppet Amir of the
»ahabi family, the Amir Khalid. They now threw off the pretence of supporting
Mialid, and declared that Nejd was a possession of Mehemet Ali, and that he would
imp rove and extend his conquests. Khalid thereupon called upon the Sheikhs of
ahrein for payment of tribute, and advances were made by the Egyptians towards
Egyptian Overtures to Muscat and Trucial Oman, 1839.
58. For this purpose they employed Sa'ad bin Mutlak, who, during the lifetime Bo g el
^ e Amir Turki, had been the Wahabi Lieutenant at Baraimi, but who had XXIV, 156,
een removed by his son, Feisul, and who possessed great personal influence among 209, 336,
I ' it ^ • ra " as we ll as a perfect knowledge of their various and conflicting
th eie ^ 3 r ^ a ' a d was despatched by the Egyptians to Ras-al-Khaimah to persuade j"
le c iefs of the Oman coast to acknowledge the authority of the puppet Amir 1100-3.
About this item
The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.
The volume includes:
- correspondence between APOC and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on the Qatar Oil Concession, mentioning the opportunity to build a refinery in Qatar;
- information about Bahrain [Buraini)] and its surroundings, with list of tribes which paid Zakah to Ibn Saud in 1922 and the Amir of Hasa in 1926, which includes number of men, camels and sheep for each tribe (ff. 45-56);
- 'Historical Memorandum of the relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934' , published by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on 26 September 1934, containing a printed map 'APPENDIX C. MAP SHOWING THE EXTENT OF WAHABI AND OF MUSCAT POWER, 1865 ' (ff. 61-91A);
- draft of Qatar Oil Agreement attached to 14 January 1935 letter from A.P.O.C. to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (234 folios)
The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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