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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎70r] (151/481)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Overtures of the Amir Feisul to the Truclal Sheikhs, 1843.
71. In 1843 the Resident concluded a Maritime Truce for a period of 10 years Aitch. Xll,
with the Trucial Sheikhs. Followiug the example of his predecessor, the new
Amir, Feisul, in July 1843 wrote to the maritime and inland Sheikhs of Oman, 1)p ' 0
intimating his intention shortly to send an army under Sa'ad Bin Mutlak to bring
tlie Province under his authority. Abu Dhabi and Shargah in the same month Lor. I, 706.
made a composition of their dilferences, and on receipt of the Amir's letter Debai
alone of the maritime Chiefs appears to have been disinclined to submit to Wahabi
autiiority. Inland, however, the Beni Naim chiefs of Baraimi asked for the support
and assistance of the British Government against the Wahabi Amir, but in vain
(cp. paragraph 97).
Arrival in Oman of Sa'ad bin Mutlak (1845) and reoccupation of Baraimi
72. No marked advance appears to have been made by the Wahabis until
1845, when Sa'ad bin Mutlak arrived in the vicinity of Baraimi. The Beni Naim,
in the absence of any support or reassurance from Great Britain, at once submitted,
while the [{esident, in reply to enquiries by the Regent, in the absence (in Zanzibar)
of the Sultan of Muscat, as to the course to be adopted in face of the Wahabi Bo. Sel.
requests for submission, advised that, provided the terms proposed by the Wahabis
were not extravagant, they should be accepted. If they proved excessive, the
Regent should reply that he could not accede to them without first consulting the
British Government, whose ally he was.
Opposition to Wahahis.
73. Sa'ad bin Mutlak's course proved less smooth than may have been expected.
On his arrival Wahabi influence was so great in Trucial Oman as to endanger the
security of Muscat. But it was soon severely shaken by a refusal on the part of
the Beni Said tribe to pay tribute, and by the punishment administered by them
to the envoy of the Wahabi Lieutenant, who was unable to persuade the maritime
Sheikhs to assist him against them. Protests against Wahabi aggressions on
Muscat were also received from the Resident. By the end of the year a reaction
against the Wahabis had taken place in Trucial Oman. Umm al Qaiwain alone
of the Trucial Sheikhs now supported the Wahabi Lieutenant, who was isolated at Bo. Sel.
Baraimi. Of the other tribes the Beni Said were joined in opposition to him by the XXIV, 218-
Al Said and the Abu Rashid, while the Muttawas, the Beni Naim and the Chief
of Sohar formed a separate alliance with the same object. " The effect of these two
separate confederacies, both composed of powerful and numerous followers," must
"have been highly beneficial and tended greatly to prevent the inordinate aggrandise
ment of the Wahabi power in the Province of Oman."
74. The next few years show in a conspicuous degree the volatile and uncertain
nature of the relations of the Trucial Sheikhs (w T ho in 1847 entered into an anti-
slavery treaty with H.M. Government) both with one another and with the
Wahabis. In 1845 Abu Dhabi united with his hereditary enemy Shargah to crush
Ajaman, Debai and Umm al Qaiwain. In 1847 Debai joined Shargah. In January
1818 Shargah found himself isolated and opposed by a combination of the
remaining Trucial Sheikhs. Later in 1848 hostilities broke out between Abu
Dhabi and the Wahabi Lieutenant in Oman.
Capture of Baraimi hy Ahu Dhabi (1848) and its Restoration to Wahabis (1849).
75. On 16th June the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi captured Baraimi, the garrison
surrendering; defeated a Nejdi expedition sent to restore the position, and Lor -1- 7C,7 •
compelled the Wahabi Agent to take refuge with the Sheikh of Shargah. But the
successes of Abu Dhabi aroused the apprehensions of the other Trucial Sheikhs,
who now combined against him, and the Sheikh, support from Muscat seeming
improbable, in February 1849 made peace with the Wahabis and agreed to restore
the Baraimi forts to the Wahabi Agent.
Muscat and Ahu Dhabi attack the Wahahis, 1850.
'(). In March 1850 Muscat and Abu Dhabi concerted a joint expedition against ^ ^
the Xejdis of Baraimi, who were supported by all the remaining Trucial Sheikhs. XXIV,'
But Shargah and his allies directed their operations against the Batineh coast of 493-4, 505.
3076 E

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The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.

The volume includes:

There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).

Extent and format
1 volume (234 folios)

The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎70r] (151/481), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/415, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 March 2020]

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