'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [70v] (152/481)
The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Muscat, which they had conquered by May of 1850, and a truce was then concluded
with Muscat. In November 1850, however, Shargah,.Abu Dhabi, and the Beni
Nairn of Baraimi were again allied against the Wahabis. In 185], Abu Dhabi and
Shargah having reached an understanding (one result of which was to make Debai
draw closer to the Wahabis), Abu Dhabi assisted Bahrein against the Wahabi Amir.
Expedition of Abdulla bin Feisal to Oman, 1852.
77. Towards the end of 1852 the Wahabi Amir despatched his son, Abdulla, to
Trucial Oman. Abdulla is stated to have come 41 in the character of arbiter and
redresser of wrongs suffered by his people (the Sheikhs) in Oman at the hands
of Muscat." He established himself at Baraimi, supported by an imposing force,
and called upon all the maritime and inland Sheikhs to attend him. All the
maritime Sheikhs responded to this summons with the exception of Debai, who sent
his uncle to represent him, but explained to the Resident that he was opposed to
the presence of Wahabis in Oman. Shargah, anxious to injure Muscat, lent his
fullest support to the Wahabis and urged an attack on the Batineh, Abu Dhabi
thereupon adopted an opposite course, intimated that he would not be prepared to
co-operate personally in such a policy, and disbanded most of his forces.
The Resident and the Wahabis, 1852—1853.
78. Meanwhile, the Resident was anxious to renew the maritime truce concluded
for 10 years in 1843 and"' called upon the Trucial Sheikhs to attend him for this
purpose. The Trucial Sheikhs other than Debai were all at Baraimi, and Ummal
Qaiwain, in particular, " in seeking permission to return to his port for the purpose
of meeting the Resident, had some degree of restraint imposed on his actions."
Shargah also alleged that he was detained at Baraimi. He was instructed in reply
to proceed forthwith to the coast. The Resident informed the Wahabi Commander of
his extreme surprise that any circumstances whatever should induce him to prevent
the Sheikhs from obeying his call, and a warship was sent to patrol the Trucia!
Coast. These measures proved effective, the Sheikhs repaired to the Resident, and
on the 4th May 1853 signed as independent rulers the Perpetual Maritime Truce at
Trucial Oman in 1854.
79. A report from the Resident in 1854 remarks that the Trucial Sheikhs " are
independent, but acknowledge the feudal supremacy of the Wahabi ruler whenever
his own power, or their dissensions, may place him in a position to exercise it.
Their chiefs are expected to afford military aid in his expeditions and to furnish
supplies to his troops when present, as in the case of the garrison at Baraimi in
Oman. The territorial possessions of the maritime chiefs are confined to the
inhabited spots on the sea coast and may be said to be bounded by the walls of
their towns and the date gardens in their immediate vicinity. . . . The maritime
tribes are closely related to the nomad tribes in the interior, over whom the chiefs
of the former exercise a limited control." Shargah, Debai and Umm al Qaiwain
are described at this time as belonging to the Wahabi sect.
Lor. I, 726.
P.K. to Bo.
Lor. I, 727.
Decline in Wahabi Influence in Oman, 1854.
80. But despite the imposing character of the Wahabi mission to Oman in 18o3,
the power of the Wahabi Agent at Baraimi had by 1854 fallen to a low point.
" Having no longer any material force at his command he was reduced to maintaining
his position by petty intrigue and playing off one Sheikh against another." I 11
1854 he was reported to be exercising a restraining influence on the Wahabi Amirs.
But in the following year he was involved in intrigues against Shargah, and in
that year the Naim of Baraimi suggested to the Resident that British influence
should be used for the expulsion of the Wahabis. The Resident, however, explain^
that the policy of Government was now one of non-intervention in internal
affairs, and himself merely continued to avoid, as his predecessors had done since
1840, direct communication with or recognition of the Wahabi representative."
81. In 1855-56 the Chief of Abu Dhabi was expelled from his State, a 111 ^
appealed to the Amir to instruct his Agent in Oman to assist him. With the
assistance of the Agent the ex-Sheikh re-established himself in Abu Dhabi.
About this item
The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.
The volume includes:
- correspondence between APOC and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on the Qatar Oil Concession, mentioning the opportunity to build a refinery in Qatar;
- information about Bahrain [Buraini)] and its surroundings, with list of tribes which paid Zakah to Ibn Saud in 1922 and the Amir of Hasa in 1926, which includes number of men, camels and sheep for each tribe (ff. 45-56);
- 'Historical Memorandum of the relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934' , published by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on 26 September 1934, containing a printed map 'APPENDIX C. MAP SHOWING THE EXTENT OF WAHABI AND OF MUSCAT POWER, 1865 ' (ff. 61-91A);
- draft of Qatar Oil Agreement attached to 14 January 1935 letter from A.P.O.C. to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (234 folios)
The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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