'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [71r] (153/481)
The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Wahabi Injiuence m Trucial Oman in 18(35.
82. The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in 1865 prepared a map, of which a cop}^ is attached as P.R. to
Appendix C, showing the positions of the Wahabi power and the minor Chieftains ^>. 11,
friendly to it, and of the Sultanate of Muscat and the minor Chieftains friendly to it. 14
His covering despatch drew attention to the extent to which in the east of the
peninsnJa the interests of Muscat and the Wahabis were interlaced. It will be
observed that Abu Dhabi and Debai are classed as supporters of Muscat, and that
Qatar and a fairly deep fringe along the Trucial sea coast are shown as failing
outside the Wahabi sphere.
Fall of Baraimi and Destruction of Wahahi Power in Trucial Oman, 1869.
S3. Little of moment appears to have occurred in the Prucial area between
1856 and 1870. In 1864-66 the Trucial Sheikhs appear to have stood aside from
the struggles between Muscat and the Wahabis. In 1866 the Wahabis undertook
not " to injure or attack the territories of the Arab tribes in alliance with the Lor. I, 727,
British Government . . . further than in receiving the zaliat that has been customary
of old." In 1867 the ex-Sheikh of Ras-al-Khaimah unsuccessfully sought for
Wahabi intervention. In April 1869 the Wahabi Lieutenant at Baraimi, having
involved himself in the affairs of Shargah, was murdered there. In June 1869 the
Sultan of Muscat captured Baraimi and formed an alliance with the Sheikh of
Abu Dhabi, originally directed against the other Sheikhs of Oman, whom the
Sultan suspected of favouring the Wahabis. But on the Sheikh of Shargah joining
this alliance all danger from the Wahabis came to an end, and, with the reassertion
of Turkish influence farther west in 1870-71 and the gradual collapse of the Saudi
dynasty, Wahabi influence ceased to be of importance in •Trucial Oman, save in
a purely religious sense, for half a century.
Qatar and the Wahabis, 1840-1870.
84. Bahrein assumed a dominating influence in Qatar throughout most of this
period. In 1851 there'was risk of the establishment of Wahabi influence in it, but
a peace arranged in J uly of that year removed any risk of the dispossession of the
Sheikhs of Bahrein by the Wahabis.
Bahrein tributary to Wahabis in respect of Qatar, 1866.
85. In 1866 the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , after a careful investigation, expressed the
view, which was accepted by the Government of India in 1867, that the Sheikh of
Bahrein probably owed fealty to the Wahabi Government on account of his Lor. 1,892.
possessions in Qatar and that the tribute of 4,000 dollars a year which he at
that time paid to the Wahabi Amir " was regarded as a payment made to secure his
subjects in Qatar from aggression by other tribes of the mainland." The Amir
appears at one time (between 1852 and 1856) to have had a representative of his Lor. I, 800.
own at Dohah. But Lorimer expresses the opinion that it is probable that this
agent was only the local Sheikh.
86. By 1868 the El Thani family had obtained a dominant influence in Qatar. Lor. I, 802.
Nothing of importance occurred in the principality until the occupation of Dohah
by the Turks in 1871.
Bahrein and the Wahabis, 1840-1870.
87. From 1843 to 1847 the Wahabi Amirs from time to time lent a considerable
degree of support to the dispossessed Sheikh Abdulla of Bahrein, and in 1845 the
ex-Sheikh unsuccessfully attempted to capture the islands with their assistance. Lor. I, 880.
In 1846 the Wahabi Amir was refused permission by the Resident to call in the
Trucial Sheikhs of the Arab littoral against Bahrein, a corresponding request by the
Sheikh of Bahrein to be allowed to enlist the Sheikh of Debai against the Wahabis
being equally refused in November of the same year. In August 1847 a treaty
of peace was concluded between the Wahabi Amir and the ruling Sheikh, under
"which the ruling Sheikh agreed to pa} 7 a tribute of 4,000 dollars a year, while the
Wahabi Amir agreed to abandon his support of the ex-Sheikh.
88. In 1850-51 the Amir was prevented from taking and possibly subduing
Bahrein by the intervention of H.M. Government, and a peace by which Bahrein Lor. 1,1112
a greed to pay tribute was concluded between the Sheikh and the Wahabis in »)uly
' 0 f that year. In the following year, the Sheikh proposing to withhold his tribute
About this item
The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.
The volume includes:
- correspondence between APOC and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on the Qatar Oil Concession, mentioning the opportunity to build a refinery in Qatar;
- information about Bahrain [Buraini)] and its surroundings, with list of tribes which paid Zakah to Ibn Saud in 1922 and the Amir of Hasa in 1926, which includes number of men, camels and sheep for each tribe (ff. 45-56);
- 'Historical Memorandum of the relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934' , published by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on 26 September 1934, containing a printed map 'APPENDIX C. MAP SHOWING THE EXTENT OF WAHABI AND OF MUSCAT POWER, 1865 ' (ff. 61-91A);
- draft of Qatar Oil Agreement attached to 14 January 1935 letter from A.P.O.C. to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (234 folios)
The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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