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'Routes in Arabia' [‎64] (97/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No. 18—cowfc?.
the dale grove was a post garrisoned by 10 zaptiehs (1911). One
lo/f 1 't f ?e dOLlin haIting place with we]ls ^ fair
atcr ^ feet - Jabal Sanam stands 5 miles west of the village.
"J 6 6RAFIDHIYAH .. 14 m. General direction,
gi slightly east of north,
/i . i ' , , route runs over
flat, barren, stony ground, passable for all arms. It skirts the
flood level ^ Kh01 Zubai^, aRd is aboVe the ordinary
At mile 14, Rafidhsyah, a country residence of the Naqlb of
Basrah ; it is a quadrangular enclosure with bastions at the
north and south angles. Water is abundant from 3 wells 12 feet
deep. There are a few trees. There are more wells, and some
cultivation, on the north-east side of Rafidhiyah.
7 BASR h H .. 16 m. General direction,
north-east by east.
m " r . . , The route at first
runs north over a plam with a very slight ascent. The soil is
graveUy. There is fair camel grazing and occasional houses
Wh0je of th e country between
Rafidhiyah and mile 6 is plentifully supplied with water from
wells o to b feet deep ; they are especially numerous about mile 4
Irom mue 3 to 6 there is scattered cultivation, of rice, maize
lucerne, and dates, the plots being surrounded by tamarisk:
g K 0W + th ; Jr^ 8 ^ iS CaI 1 led and the population is
about 6,000. There are large numbers of buffaloes, cows and
sheep. . .
At mile 8, site of old Basrah; and 3 miles off the track in
a direction south-west by west, is Zlibair, a well -bu It town
situated on slightly elevated ground with a ridge of broken ground'
to the north.west, north, and north-east. Small quantities of
supplies, a bazar, no fodder, 4 or 5 wells of good water In the
time of the. Euphrates flood a water channel, which approaches
the northern end of the town of Zubair, from the direction of
Basrah, contains 2 feet of water.
The route turns north-east. It then crosses an open barren
plain. The soil is light brown, hard, and dusty ; it is free from
stones. From mile 6 to mile 10 the route runs in a depression

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎64] (97/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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