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'Routes in Arabia' [‎114] (147/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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R oute N o. 31— contd.
49 m.
Due west through
the Hasa Oasis.
At mile 1, immediately to the south of the track, the large
walled village of Bab-al-Jafar containing 350 houses ; irrigation
from springs. There is a post here of 50 mounted and 10 un
mounted zaptiehs.
At mile 3, Manaizlah (north), a village of 225 houses, Jabal
Qarah rises about a mile to the north of this village.
A stony plain is now entered with a well-marked road
across it.
At mile 5, Fudhul (south), a village of 250 houses ; irrigation
from a spring.
At mile 6^, Bani Na'am (north), a village of 200 houses ;
irrigation from the Nasairiyah spring.
At mile 8, Bani Nahu (north), a hamlet of 20 houses; many
springs between here and Hofuf. Formerly a larger settlement
than at present. On the other side of the road is Qasr-al-Lu-
waimi (south), a fort formerly occupied by Turkish troops.
Near by is the spring and torrent of Salaisil.
The road into Hofuf is well defined.
Hofuf, an important town, enclosed by a thin wall about
12 feet high and built of sun-dried bricks, and said to contain
5,000 houses mostly constructed of stone and mud, and plas
tered. The population is estimated at 25,000 inhabitants. The
town is divided into three wards, one of which is called Kut,
a fortified enclosure with sides about 600 yards long, and com
pletely surrounded by a ditch. The Turkish garrison, which
consisted of a battalion of infantry, two squadrons of cavalry,
and a mule battery, used to be quartered in this enclosure, which
was also the residence of the Turkish official community. It
contains a fine mosque, a well-built hospital and two forts. The
town possesses innumerable wells with fair water at about 24
feet, but the supplies, consisting of ghi, sugar, rice, and cloth,
are very limited.
A variant to that portion of this route lying between Bis-
aitin and Jishshah goes by way of Khuwainij. The variant
lies to the north of, and is 5 miles shorter than, the main route.

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎114] (147/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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