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'Routes in Arabia' [‎127] (160/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Koute No. 35~concld.
'Ayun is the most populous village betwen Hail and Bu-
raidah and contains about 4,000 souls. A large mosque stands
in an open square ; there is no actual siiq. Water is sweet
and abundant from numerous wells at about 30 feet. Excellent
dates ; wheat, barley, gaymi, and lucerne are also cultivated.
Very little grazing, the animals being fed chiefly on lucerne.
Livestock includes camels, used mainly for water-drawing, and
there are a few cows, sheep and goats, donkeys, and chickens.
6 BURAIDAH .. 26 m. General direction,
about south-east.
iSl m. ^ At mile 12 , the vil
lage of Qara cih ; and at mile 14, a salt lake sbmetimes dry.*
At mile 16, the village of Shiqqah. Brackish water at both
Some sandy desert is traversed as the end of the stage is
Buraidah, a large town surrounded by a wall with towers,
containing a fort and about 10,000 people. The houses are of
clay, some having aifupper storey. There are many wells,
and water is abundant though generally dull and brackish.
Its level varies from 20 to 40 feet below ground. Lucerne is
raised in large quantities. The date groves are very extensive,
and fruit trees are numerous. The livestock is estimated at
1,000 camels, 200 donkeys and 600 or more horned cattle.
There are also on an average about 60 or 70 horses and mares.*
ROUTE No. 36.
233 miles. 10 stage*.
Authority and date. —Captain G. E. Leach man, Decem
ber 1912.
General Description.' —The shortest and most direct route be
tween Qasim and Riyadh. At times it is subject to raids by
Ataibah, and is consequently not so popular as that passing
through Zilfi, and then to the east of Jabal Tuwaiq. It follows
a well-marked track running from village to village. From
* Lcachman, December 1912.

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎127] (160/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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