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'Routes in Arabia' [‎203] (236/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No . 55—confcZ.
At mile 14, Nabar; 100 liouses, 2 haqardks, 4 hadans, 8
shashahs, 20 camels, 20 donkeys, 20 cattle, 100 sheep and goats.
At mile 17, Harmul, situated where the Wadi Bani 'Umr-al-
Gharbi reaches the sea ; the landing place for Liwa town ; 7
shashnhs, 10 cattle, 30 sheep and goats.
6 SOHAR .. 16 m. General direction
100 m. Between Harmul
and mile 8 there are two villages a mile or less from the sea.
Hadd, 60 houses, mostly temporary, 60 donkeys, 700 sheep and
goats, and 2,000 date palms. Ghadhfan ; 250 houses, mostly
temporary, 70 camels, 100 cattle, 200 sheep and goats, and 6,000
date palms.
At mile 8, Majis, 200 houses, 20 fishing boats. 20 cattle, 80
sheep and goats, and 400 date palms. Between mile 8 and mile
10 there are two villages, 'Amq ; 40 houses, a few small boats
and 300 date palms ; Sanqar ; 40-50 houses, a few small boats
and 400 date palms.
At mile 10, Fasiqah ; 150 houses, 35 camels, 30 donkeys, 16
cattle, 150 sheep and goats, and 1,000 date palms.
At mile 14, Sallan ; 150 houses, 30 camels, 20 donkeys, 17
cattle, 100 sheep and goats and 500 date palms. Wadi-al-Jan
enters the sea just north of the village.
At mile 15, Shilluh ; 100 houses.
At mile 16, Sohar proper, containing a large four-storeyed
fort and 800 houses; it is surrounded on the landward side by
wall and wet ditch. There are several suburbs outside the
walls, totalling 630 houses. The houses inside the town are
of mud and stone, while those without are mostly huts. There
is a bazar of about 200 shops. The date belt here has a depth
of about 3 miles, and mangoes are plentiful, but the ordinary
cultivation, chieflv lucerne, wheat and sugar, is insignificant.
The total population is 7,500, 8 sea-going hadans, 30 small boats
and 15,000 to 20,000 date palms. Ghi and dried limes are
Here starts Route No. 56, Sohar-Baraimi.
7 KHISHDAH .. 15 m. General direction
15 m> At mile 4, Sawaiha-

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎203] (236/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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