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'Routes in Arabia' [‎212] (245/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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R oute N o . 55— concld*
on the eastern side of the mouth of the stream in the Wadi
Shab; fruit is grown. Just inland is Qata'ah with a large
date grove.
At mile 9, Tiwi, a village in three sections, two of which are
walled, aggregating 320 houses and 15 shops, 12 camels, 75
donkeys, 40 cattle, 400 sheep and goats, 500 date palms and
some fruit trees. There is a lagoon of fresh water 400 yards
from the sea.
At mile 12, Haiwa, an anchorage without houses or inhabit
At mile 20, Kalhat; 120 to 130 mud houses and 12 shops.
There is no cultivation of any kind ; 12 badans, 40 huris.
From Qata'ah, Tiwi and Kalhat short routes run up their
respective wddis.
21 SUR .. 12 m. General direction,
—■ south-east.
339 m. The route lies along
the coast. Sur is a seaport of about 12,000 inhabitants. Sur
proper, with a population of about 9,000, is situated on both
sides of a lagoon some 2 miles long; the lagoon is practically
dry at low tide, and its entrance is only 4J feet deep, so that the
harbour is of no use to any but the smallest vessels. The houses
are of mud and stone, and there are many huts. Drinking
water is brought from neighbouring villages. About 1| miles
west are two villages, Sanaislah and Shaghi, which are regarded
as component parts of Sur. At Sanaislah there is a small fort
which commands the route to Sur. In Sur there is no culti
vation, and vegetables and fodder are brought from Bilad-as-
Sur, about 2 miles away. 'Che above places own 55 camels,
475 donkeys, 405 cattle, 860 sheep and goats, 50 hagMahs,
4 sambuics and 40 smaller craft. There is a bazar.
Here starts Route No. 74, Sur-Manah.
22 HADD .. 16 m. General direction,
• east-south-east.
355 m. Hadd has 200 huts,
a stone fort, and three or four round towers. The water is
good but not very abundant; 30 sheep and goats, a few
date palma, 8 badans and 15 small boats. Tho village stands in
a sandy plain,

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎212] (245/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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