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'Routes in Arabia' [‎223] (256/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No. 58— conld.
6,000 inhabitants. The water-supply is from two streams.
The houses are of stone, many of them two-storeyed, and the fort
is reputed the strongest in 'Oman. The bazars are well supplied.
There are 600 camels, 60 donkeys, 150 cattle, 7,000 sheep and
goats, 2,500 date palms. Sugar, wheat, barley, millet, maize,
peas, beans, sesame and lucerne are grown.
2 TANUF .. 10 m. The route winds along
■ the Wadi Kalbu under
29 m . the foot-hills of the
Jabal Akhdhar. On these hills there are watch towers. The
ground is rough. Tanuf is fortified with a wall of fair height,
and lies rather cramped up under some cliifs. It consists of 40
houses, and owns 10 camels, 20 donkeys, 450 sheep and goats,
and 3,00 date palms. Here starts Route Xo. 68, Tanuf-Muti.
3 MlTHAR ... 26 m. The path lies over a
monotonous, barren,
55 in and stony plain, and
crosses numerous ndlds. Several small villages are passed.
At about mile 11, Bilad Sait; 40 houses, 10 donkeys, 12 cattle,
100 sheep and goats, 1,500 date palms ; Ghamr ; 40 houses,
100 sheep and goats, 800 date palms. The country is very
rough, and scantily dotted with vegetation.
At about mile 20 the fort of Jabal-al-Kur is reached. Here
the Wadi Shamah is crossed, and the route commences to ascend
the Wadi Ghul, which at this point has a broad, shallow, and
sandy bed with a few trees and scanty vegetation. The banks
become high and vertical, and the icddi bed steeper and stonier.
There is a perennial stream in the bed. Several hamlets of shep
herds exist in the wddi.
At mile 26 Mithar, a large zaribah for goats. Altitude
2,600 feet.
4 AL-'AIN •• 20 m. The route continues
up the wddi. It is
rj- m extremely rocky and
the gradient is severe; it is strewn with fragments and
boulders of limestone, and contains scanty bushes of eu
phorbia. At about mile 8, the head of the pass called ISajd-
al-BarakT? reached ; altitude 3,700 feet, The highest point of

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎223] (256/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 December 2019]

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