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'Routes in Arabia' [‎297] (330/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No. 81— conid.
It then runs along the shore, making a detour of a couple of
miles to cross the estuary of the Wadi Gharid (or Khird), which
reaches the sea about mile (>•
Just beyond mile 15, pass the mouth of the Arfa river where
there is water.
At mile 16, Shihair, a walled seaport with a castle, set in a
wilderness of sand, with an open roadstead.
The town is triangular, the dwellings being much scattered ;
population estimated at about 6,-000 souls. The water is not
good, but abundant. There is one fairly good well. Some vege
tables, and sheep, may generally be obtained here.
Here starts Route Xo. 83, Shihair-Shibam.
8 SHIHR •• 15 m. West-south-west.
The route runs along the
I ^ shore, which is here low
and sandy.
At mile 4, the deserted village of MarTr ; water.
At mile Of,, village of Zaghfa, lying about j 1 mile inland, is
At mile lO.j Jabal Dhaba.
At mile 15, Shihr, a small village with an old fort. _
Four or five miles inland northward of Shihr is the large
village of Suq -al-Basir, said to contain 4,500 inhabitants ; good
water ; some tobacco, dates, and vegetables.
0 MUKALLA •. 20m. West-south-west, over
160 m. At mile 13, village of
Buwaish about li miles inland ; situated in a valley, with fairly
abundant water, and some date groves.
At mile 16J, village of Rnkub. with a large mosque.
Route then skirts round Ruwaini Bay to Bandar Ruwaini
at mile 19 ; there are from 4 to 6 fathoms of water close in shore,
and native craft shelter here during the south-west monsoon.
Mukalla, next to Aden, the principal trading port of the
southern coast of Arabia. On the land side the town is pro
tected by four towers, and on the western side, by a wall ex-
tending to the shore with only one gate. Several stone houses,
a castle, two mosques, and many huts. Ike inhabitants of

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎297] (330/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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