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'Routes in Arabia' [‎345] (378/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No. 94— contd.
settlements strung out along the tvddi, and the whole is covered
by protecting forts as at Yashbum and Nisab. There is a large
amount of arable land along the wddi which never suffers from
drought, for even when rain is scarce locally the wddi, one of the
largest in Upper ' Aulaki, comes down in spate at regular intervals
from the hills of Dharir and Baidah.
There is a large dyeing and weaving industry throughout the
Markhah district.
The principal crops are :—
Bearded wheat, a 4-month crop sown in January. Durra
(white millet), a 3-month crop sown in May. Indigo
and cotton.
Water. —Plentiful.
Fuel. —Abundant.
Fodder. —Camel grazing abundant.
Supplies. —A good quantity of wheat and millet could be
obtained here on short notice, as this valley is the granary of the
surrounding districts.
2 BIR NAFA .. 25 m. The track from
Markhah lies for some
4.5 nu 8 miles up the broad
level bed of the Wadi Markhah ; thence turning north it leaves
the wddi with its broad belt of cultivation on either bank, and
passing through a fringe of green bushes it strikes up on to a
series of screes and barren plateaux in a north-westerly direction
until Bir Nafa is reached.
Water. From a deep and excellent well. Water is ample
until the Wadi Markhah is left; the subsequent tract is prob
ably waterless as far as Bir Nafa.
Fuel. —Probably ample.
Fodder. —Camel grazing; no details.
Supplies. —Nil.
:> SA1LAN •• 28 m. The track continues
' from Bir Nafa in a north-
^3 north-westerly direc
tion and at 8 miles from Bir Nafa it traverses the Rahwat-ar-
Ribbah. The going is very rough over the intervening stretch
and for some way beyond the pass, and the pace must be slow.
The Rahwat -ar-Ribbah is a narrow delile, and can easily be

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎345] (378/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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