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'Routes in Arabia' [‎386] (419/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route N o . 104—
the toddi is firm gravel, stony in parts. At m. lo| is Rahwat-at-
Han^.ni, a nomad camping ground at a bend of the wadi. Rain
pools in Sh 'ab-as-Sid ravine, which dry up in spring, and the Az-
raki of Bet-al-Lima who camp here in summer return to their
village. The Wadi Razani joins from the north. Hence the water
course is known as the SailatMashwara. At m, 19 is Masnah,
a small Azraki village on the top of a hill at the junction of the
Wadi Khajjan. At m. 19| is the Azraki village of Habil-
as-Salab in a wide open space formed by the junction of
Wiidi Madiak from the north-west. Half a mile beyond the
village is a good well, Bir Uluf,40 feet to the water. Good
camping space.
2 KHUSHAN .. 9^m. A little above
gorge between precipitous rocks. To the left is the high serrated
range of Jabal Lassat. The path is good to about m. 3, then
becomes rough with loose boulders. Here is qdfilah camping
ground, Al-Ghail, but the spring dries up early in the year. The
path leaves the main watercourses, here known as the Wadi-ar-
Rahaba, and goes north-west up the Wadi Hirat, commencing
the ascent of the Naqil Mashwara, the gradient is easy at first
though the going is rough, and it gradually becomes steeper.
At m. 41 the path turns to the right and ascends about 500 feet
by a steep rough zigzag to the top of a spur, then turns west to
round the head of a ravine (Sh'ab Shahag), and ascends gradually
skirting the side of Jabal Mashwara for a mile and a half. The
top of the pass is reached at m. 1\ ;_the total ascent from Al-Ghail
being about 1,200 feet. The descent north into the Azraki
valley is rocky and in parts steep, but the height is considerably
less than on the south side of the pass. At m. 9 pass between
Khushan J mile to the east and Al-Mukhtar (1 well of good
water) to the west. At m. 9| is a good well. Space restricted
when the crops are standing. This is a trying march. From
here the Wali Hasan shrine near Ad-Dubiyat (Route No. 103,
stage 5) is visible.
3 DHALI' .. .. ^m. Path descends the
22 m.
Habil-as-Salab the
valley narrows to a
36i m.
(D hala).
Wadi Suman north-
west to m. 1^. Here

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎386] (419/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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