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'Routes in Arabia' [‎403] (436/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ROUTE No. 109.
Authorities. —Military Report, 1905.
Reconnaissances in 1905.
Arab Tribes in the Vicinity of Aden.
General Description. —General direction west. Total ascent
about 2,000 feet through the easy pass Naqil-as-Suaida. A good
camel road, 8 feet wide, with a ruling gradient of 1 in 8, well
drained with culverts and Irish bridges, was made by the troops
of the Aden column in 1903. It requires repair and redrainage.
Sxiitable for pack transport. The country is mountainous
with deep ravines. There are many villages, with tracks bet
ween them passable only by infantry and mountain artillery.
In the villages there is cultivation in terraces with high retain
ing walls. There are a few small camping spaces. The sum
mits of spurs are fairly level.
Water. —-Good and plentiful. The wells are deep (average
45), so arrangements must be made for drawing water.
Fuel. —Very scarce.
Forage.—Karbi plentiful.
Supplies. —Goats and sheep sufficient for a small force.
Grain {jowari) plentiful. Generally found stored in dars and
in holes in the rock near the villages.
No. of stage
and total
DHALl'. See Route No. 103, stage 6.
1 KARNA .. 5^ m. From Dhali' [see
Route x03, stage 6)
5| m. the road rises steadily
across fields in a north-westerly direction and winding between
hills comes to the ridge (Kharif Rahwa) which connects J.
Jihaf with J. Mafari. It ascends a steep spur of the western
slopes of J. Jihaf by zigzags. At mile 2, passes below the
Azraki village of Thalat on a rocky crag on the right commanding

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎403] (436/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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