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'Routes in Arabia' [‎443] (476/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Route No. 116— contd.
brackish water. Great difficulty in drawing water and delay
owing to depth. Hiswat Am Khaidar (or Judhir), a spring
of fresh water at tho mouth of wddi, 4 miles south of Dar
Mujahhar. Jowari, bajri, and karhi in small quantities, and
a few cattle, sheep and goats.
An alternative path runs south-west from Bir Am-Makh-
nuk to Jabal Marsa, a promontory on the coast. Distance
17J miles, but quite equal to 25 miles, owing to the nature of the
road. The best encamping ground available around here.
Generally uninhabited, but fishing and other country craft call
in for water, which is to be obtained at Hiswat Qa'o (Kaw)
about a mile distant. No pukka wells but any amount of good
water is obtainable by digging shallow wells on the beach.
No supplies.
To Dar Mujahhar 9 miles. Total, 26^ miles.
4 DAR 'UMAIR 12 m. Road crosses the
('UMER). Wadi Am-Shahar thence
g2 m . weat-south-west acrosB
firm gravelly soil with occasional thorn trees. At mile 10, the
road approaches the sea beach, near which it runs to Dar
'Umair ( 'Umer). This is a small mud building, owned by
the Sultan of Lahaj, who has bought the ground skirting
Khor 'Umairah ('Umera). The khor is a shallow lagoon, 4
miles long by 2 miles broad, cut off from the open sea by a
narrow sand spit, except at the western end. Two boats arc
kept here (1893). Bir 'Umairah, 37 feet deep, 8 feet of
brackish water. Sufficient for 200 camels.
Alternative track along the seashore from Hiswat Qa o to
Hiswat Judhir, mile 7, at the mouth of Wadi Am Shahar
and to Hiswat Milika, mile 13, whence a track leads to Dar
'Umair, skirting Khor 'Umairah. Fresh water but small
quantity. Total 18 miles, from Hiswat Qa o.
5 BIR RAS 'ARAH 14 m. Track continues west
over sandy ground,
76 m. passing 'Uzaf, 1 well
(no details) at mile 7|, or by Bir Am Jatari (no details), 2
miles to the south of 'Uzaf in the Wadi Timnan. Bir Mahijja
is passed at about mile 11J and Bir Ras 'Arab reached at mile
14. Route No. 119 branches northwards at mile 11^, and
Route No. 121 from Bir Ras 'Arah,

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎443] (476/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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