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'Routes in Arabia' [‎673] (704/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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R oute N o . 186 contd.
on Kiepert's map) is about a mile wide and about 200 feet high
On the far right is a vast desert, extending as far as the horizon.
At 13 miles descent begins : it is gradual and easy. At 14 miles
reach the spring of Balalij at the bottom (or nearly the bottom)
of the hill. It is on the right side of, and adjoining, the road.
The water is said to be brackish : it was very scanty and the
ground round was so much befouled that it was impossible to
test the water : unfit for drinking. At 14J miles the descent ends,
the road bends slightly to the left and skirts the reverse slope
of the Jabal Hamrin, which is like a glacis with many wide and
easy nullahs. The road goes up and down these nullahs. There
is said to be a spring on the road 2 or 3 hours beyond Balalij,
but my guide could not find it: 12 hours after, one of my mule
teers said it was on the hills and that we had passed it a long
way back. I think there is probably such a spring, but that it
was now dry ; its water is said to be brackish, and on the whole
I recommend that no reliance be placed on it. At 17 miles
there is rather a difficult nullah for guns or wheels. After this
the road turns slightly to the right, leaving the hills (there 300
feet high) further away on the left. We are now in the
middle of a vast plain, a true desert, along which the road
continues for many weary miles. The want of water was much
felt by men and animals. At 35 miles, this plain is ended by
a sandy river, with a few pools of very salt and dirty water (quite
undrinkable): after crossing the river, the road winds through
some low sandy mounds with a very brackish stream of water on
the left: this water is in pools and is also undrinkable. At
38 miles the road emerges on to the Tigris, which is here in 2
streams, the near one about 150 yards across, sloping banks,
island in the middle about 1 mile long and 1 mile wide. Total
width of Tigris about 2 miles. Camping ground good, flat, hard
and sandy, We are now in a large semicircular plain, radius
about 1 mile, bounded on the left by the Tigris, on the right by
a range of low hillocks about 50 feet high
6 SHARIAT-AL- 15 m. Le a ving Sharamiyah in
HAMRA. a direction south by east,
118 m. the road crosses^a long
sandy plain about|7 miles long and 1 toll^ miles
elliptical in shape pand on the right arejlow sand?hills 50jfeet
high and about ^ mile from the road, which is sandy and good *

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎673] (704/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 July 2020]

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