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'Routes in Arabia' [‎674] (705/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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B oute N o . 185—con^.
on the left is the Tigris about | mile off. At 5 miles the sandy
mounds on the right rise into low hills with abrupt and indented
cliffs about 70 to 100 feet high, pass through tamarisk scrub for
about a mile ; hills 1 mile on right; river 1 mile on left. At this
point pass a sandy bluff jutting out into the plain from the hills
Behind this bluff are the ruins of Kala Mekrum At 7
miles touch the river | mile wide: hills on right | mile •
the other stream of the river is out of sight, about 2
miles away At 9 miles the hills are about 400 yards to
the right and there is a stream of good water from the Tigris 100
yards to the left. At 11 miles again touch the river: from
here almost to Shariat-el-Hamra there is continuous cultivation •
the hills here are 600 yards to the right and 70 feet high and the
near stream of the river is 150 yards wide. At 14 miles, the
road meets the hills and there is a branch of the Tigris touch-
mg the same place : the road is broken away and would be diffi-
cult for guns or wheels; the water is good, 30 feet wide and 5
feet deep, the banks 25 yards across and 20 feet deep. After
this the road hugs the hills and is very pebbly : at 15 miles
cross a stream (Mahzm by name) (no water), pebbly bed of a
mountain torrent. I halted on the river bank j of a mile be
yond this on a projecting piece of level ground. This makes a
Thp W P1 f g if r0l T bl , lt in SOme years is under cultivation.
SLteat!el -hamr^ ^ r0ad ' hi " s and stream me<,t ia
Shee P .. .. 1,000")
nltT ;; ;;
7 T1KRIT. .. 13 mi On leaving the Mahzm
j 3j m the road enters and as-
, - . cends some low hills ("SO
tte Si anl :r ery Pe 5 bly - There " a littfe aoa ' !ta in
the valley and the summit is reached after about J of a mile •
th. road 1S then fairly good and the country nearly flat, buj
rather atony. At 4} miles cross broad shallow nullah the
road bemg very stony and the country undulating to raviucy
ately At^r T 'M gain nearIy flat and the r0! ' d
mJv ZL IPcoun is again undulating and
many deep and intricate ravines leading to the Tigris
are passed on the left. Throughout this march the connate

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎674] (705/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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