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'Routes in Arabia' [‎683] (714/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Kouri! No ' 188— concld.
supply of water; brackish but drinkable. From here at 320°
over rolling downs; stony but with abundance of grass, slopes, say,
1 in 30 ; and at mile 29, four wells, 5 feet below surface of ground,
water good. From here due west over fiat grassy plain. At
mile 51, a conspicuous red mound visible from a considerable
distance round. About | mile west of this 6 wells, 6 feet below
surface, water brackish but drinkable. From here at 280°
over a sandy stony plain, the grass though still existent becom
ing appreciably less, up to mile 87.
From here at 260°—over same kind of ground—up to mile
97, and from there at 270° up to mile 119, where the Wadi Hail
is reached. (This is its name according to the Bedouins). This
is a valley about 1 mile broad, which holds running water accord
ing to native reports at times of excessive rain. Its bed is
about 50 feet below surface of the plain : its sides slope at about
1 in 60. Its course is from north-east to south-west. Accord
ing to native reports it begins at hills to the north-east and runs
for a day's march (say 40 miles) to the south-east beyond the
point where I crossed it. Also according to native reports
(a) water can bo obtained at 4 feet, below the surface but is
very brackish, (6) there is a well of bad water in the wddi about
i m. south-east of my point of crossing.
From the wddi at 300° over rolling stony downs, the grazing
improving up to mile 139, where there are eight wells, 10 feet
below plain surface, with good water—slightly salt. From
the wells at 270° up a long broad valley, running east and west
bordered on south by edge of the downs, on north by salt hills,
up to mile 167.
From here at 250° to mile 183 follow the course of the valley,
and thence at 220° to south border of valley at mile 196 where
the downs bend away to south and consequently the valley ceases.
From here at 240° until the road from Dair-az-Zor to Tadmur
was reached at mile 212. The point where it was met was about
20 miles north-east of Tadmur. Total distance 232 miles.
N ote .—Apparently there is no regular direct route between Abu Kamal
and Tadmur because of the shortage of water; there being no wells between mile
51 on lieutenant Fowle's route and Tadmur. As the erow fliee the distance
is barely 160 miles.

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎683] (714/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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