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'Routes in Arabia' [‎751] (782/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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R oute N o. 201—contd.
Rowanduz is the headquarters of a mountainous Qaza,
said to contain 350 villages, nearly all Kurdish. The Qaim'-
Maqam, when wc were there, was a Moslem Greek, the Qazi
a Syrian from Latakia. The former did not know the name of his
own Mai Mudiri (principal assistant), with whom he had been
working for 14 months. There are about SO households of Jews
similar to those of Rowanduz town, scattered over the outside
villages ; and there are 3 or 4 entirely Christian villages.
Rowanduz is a base for Turkish military action in Persia.
At the time of our visit the Nizam infantry battalion by which
it is ordinarily garrisoned was on field service against the Shaikh
of Baraizan. The two Radlf battalions, probably nominal,
of which Rowanduz was then the headquarters, had not been
embodied. The local Jews were beginning to be conscripted
for the army ; 16 had been taken for the Nizam and about 70
enrolled in the Ihtiyat.
The principal man at Rowanduz is 'Abdullah Pasha, Kurd,
a descendant of Muhammad Pasha, the last native ruler of
Rowanduz. As 'Abdullah Pasha is now 60 years of age or more
and does not remember Muhammad Pasha, the supersession
of the latter's authority by that of the Turks must have occurred
long ago. 'Abdullah Pasha is an agreeable old gentleman
with considerable knowledge of the world, and full of local infor
mation which he imparts with a readiness unusual in this country-
he gave a quantity of data about local routes, etc., which are re
produced in an annexure (Appendix B) to this report. He
was in the Turkish service for many years as a civil Qaim-Maqam,
and he combines the urbanity and trained intelligence of an
official with some of the good qualities and advantages of a here
ditary chief in his own country. His son Said Baig, who has
a separate house, is arrogant and seems less intelligent than his
father ; he too was in the Turkish service for a time, but had to
leave it on account, it is said, of his having caused the death of
a Turkish military officer.
On the second day of our visit to Rowanduz I crossed the
Rubal by the bridge, accompanied by the Mai Mudiri of Rowan
duz, himself a Kurd, and climbed and explored the hi</h Zozik
hill on the other side of the river. The ascent was made from
a village named Goan, where there was great difficulty in obtain
ing an inhabitant to act as a guide to the top. The Mai Mudiri

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎751] (782/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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