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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part III)' [‎16r] (25/30)

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The record is made up of 1 file (15 folios). It was created in 2 Dec 1881. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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25
" collision with Turkish cruisers, and they will hand
tc over to the Turkish officials all offenders captured
" in Turkish jurisdiction. They will report all cases
" where operations have been undertaken within
" the three mile-limit to Her Majesty's Consul
" General at Baghdad, for communication to Her
* From Foreign Office, 25th July 1881. " Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople."*
ome, No. 527. It will be observed that in these instructions no
attempt is made to define the limits of e< Turkish
jurisdiction," captures within which are to be
handed over to the Ottoman officials, that question
being apparently left to the judgment of the naval
officers concerned.
The orders which had been issued were com
municated to Her Majesty's Ambassador at Con
stantinople in a Despatch from Lord Granville
(No. 515, dated 22nd July 1881), which, after
noticing briefly the past history of the question,
continued;—" As it is evident that the Porte is
" wanting either in the power or the will to protect
" British and general commerce in the Persian
" Gulf, and the constant representations of Her
" Majesty's Government, protesting against the
" continuance of unrestrained and unpunished
" piracy, have produced no result, it becomes in-
" cumbent on them, in the absence of the main-
" tenance of authority by the Power on which that
" duty would more naturally devolve, themselves
" to take measures for the protection of the life and
" property of the subjects of the Queen. Her
" Majesty's Government have therefore determined
" to modify the instructions issued in May 1879 to
" British naval officers in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , whereby
" they were prohibited under certain conditions
" from taking hostile action within Turkish territory
" or waters. They will in future be authorized,
" when necessary, to take such measures as they
" may think Jit for the 'protection of British com-
" merce and shipping, without reference to the claims
" of the Sultan to territorial jurisdiction in those
" waters. I have to instruct your Excellency to
" make a communication to that effect to the
" Porte."
It is, perhaps, worth remarking, (1) that the
passage italicized indicates a course of action con
siderably beyond what has been actually authorized
by the very carefully guarded instructions that have
been issued; and, (2) that the reference to "British
tc commerce and shipping" might seem to imply
the exclusion of the commerce and shipping of
Bahrein and the Trucial Chiefs from the benefits of
our direct action, which, however, can scarcely be
intended.
The Admiralty having instructed the Com
mander-in-Chief on the East India station, in ac-
% cordance with the terms of the Foreign Office letter
f From Foreign Office, 26th July 1881. of the 11th July,t the papers were forwarded to
Home, No, 529. the Government of India, with a request that they
would issue such instructions to the Resident in
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. as might be requisite, and apprise
him of the nature of the orders which had been
6364. G

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Content

A printed memorandum written and compiled by Adolphus Warburton Moore for the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and dated 2 December 1881.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, how to respond toTurkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's commitments with local rulers (in Bahrain and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy).

The document summarises correspondence from the previous two years (1879-1881) that had dealt with the matter, beginning with an outline of the opinions of officials from the main departments and institutions involved: the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (whose opinion Warburton represents). Other correspondents include officials from the Residencies and Agencies in both the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Turkish Arabia, as well as the Ambassador at Constantinople.

The documents cover several topics, including:

  • The threat to Bahrain from the Beni Hajir tribe and Ottoman ambitions to extend their sovereignty to the island, including the Turkish plan to build a coal depot on the island as a pretext to further political involvement;
  • Questions of how to police the waters under Turkish authority;
  • How Britain should deal with Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thāni] of El Bidaa [Doha];
  • Turkish claims to parts of the coast of Guttur [Qatar].

The document concludes with the perceived outcomes of the discussions, including closer ties with the ruler of Bahrain, who, in December 1880, agreed not to open relations with any foreign power other than Britain.

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (15 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation for this description commences at folio 4 and terminates at folio 18, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between folios 4-197; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the bottom right corner of each folio.

Pagination: the document also has an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part III)' [‎16r] (25/30), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/3, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023807397.0x00001a> [accessed 13 December 2019]

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