'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part III)' [16v] (26/30)
The record is made up of 1 file (15 folios). It was created in 2 Dec 1881. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
issued to the commanders of Her Majesty's vessels
in those waters .J . .
Before proceeding to notice the question raised
by the GoTernment of India in their present letter
(No. 145, dated 30th October 1881), it will be con-
yenient to state shortly the practical outcome of the
correspondence and discussions of the last two years.
Pirst. A certain liberty of action has been given
to British cruisers along the Guttur coast, subject
to a proviso that captures made in Turkish juris
diction are to be made over to the Turkish authori
ties ; but it has been left doubtful how far along
the coast Turkish jurisdiction is to be recognized as
Second. The Porte has been, or will be, informed
that British naval officers in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. will
be authorized to take such measures as they may
think fit for the protection of British commerce and
shipping, including, it is presumed, that of Bahrein
and the Trucial Chiefs, without reference to the
claims of the Sultan to territorial jurisdiction in
those waters; but no such wide license has, in fact,
Third. The connection between the British Go
vernment and the Sheikh of Bahrein has been
made more close, by the Agreement concluded on
the 22nd December 1880, by which the Sheikh
binds himself to abstain from political relations with
other foreign Powers.
Fourth. The Resident in the Gulf has been
authorized to deal directly with the Sheikh of El
Bidaa, notwithstanding his relations with the Turks,
in the event of his being in any manner accessory
to an attack upon Bahrein; and the Sheikh has
been so informed.
Fifth. Formal intimation has been given to the
Turkish authorities at Baghdad that, failing
measures on their part to prevent and punish any
attack on Bahrein from that part of the coast over
which they claim jurisdiction, the Government of
India will take the matter into its own hands.
As to what at this date is the actual position of
the Turks along the El Hassa and Guttur coasts
there is little definite information. At Kateef and
Ojair there are understood to be garrisons and re
sponsible officials. Nevertheless, from near Kateef
the notorious Beni Haji robber, Zaid-bin Mahomed,
lately put to sea on a piratical cruise,* and plun
dered a Bahrein boat, an occurrence which has
drawn from the Sheikh of Bahrein an urgent ap
peal to the Hesident in the Gulf " to devise some
" plan for the protection of the lives and properties
" of his subjects."!
A t El Bidaa there is a Turkish garrison, and the
Chief flies the Turkish flag; yet he is now threaten
ing hostilities against a'tribe in the immediate
neighbourhood of Kateef, in Turkish territory.
That the authority of the Turks along the coast
is extremely unstable, and liable to be overturned
by any serious combination of the Arab tribes, there
is little doubt. In April last, the Eesident in the
X To India,
Secret, No, 28, dated 5th
From Foreign Office, 31st October 1881,
Home, No. 783.
f Letter from
1881, No. 59.
Resident, 3rd November
About this item
A printed memorandum written and compiled by Adolphus Warburton Moore for the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and dated 2 December 1881.
The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, how to respond toTurkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's commitments with local rulers (in Bahrain and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy).
The document summarises correspondence from the previous two years (1879-1881) that had dealt with the matter, beginning with an outline of the opinions of officials from the main departments and institutions involved: the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (whose opinion Warburton represents). Other correspondents include officials from the Residencies and Agencies in both the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Turkish Arabia, as well as the Ambassador at Constantinople.
The documents cover several topics, including:
- The threat to Bahrain from the Beni Hajir tribe and Ottoman ambitions to extend their sovereignty to the island, including the Turkish plan to build a coal depot on the island as a pretext to further political involvement;
- Questions of how to police the waters under Turkish authority;
- How Britain should deal with Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thāni] of El Bidaa [Doha];
- Turkish claims to parts of the coast of Guttur [Qatar].
The document concludes with the perceived outcomes of the discussions, including closer ties with the ruler of Bahrain, who, in December 1880, agreed not to open relations with any foreign power other than Britain.
The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (15 folios)
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation for this description commences at folio 4 and terminates at folio 18, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between folios 4-197; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the bottom right corner of each folio.
Pagination: the document also has an original printed pagination sequence.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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