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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953: Appendices, Genealogical Tables' [‎132r] (50/142)

The record is made up of 1 volume (65 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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J t2;
2. With this end in view. His Majesty's Government suggest that there should
be an exchange of notes providing that the work of demarcating the frontier and
erecting pillars should be carried out in a manner similar to that laid down in
the notes exchanged for the same purpose between the Iraqi and Saudi Arabian
Governments in February 1938. In order, however, to avoid difficulties which
might otherwise arise, His Majesty's Government think it desirable that the
proposed notes should include agreement on the interpretation of certain points in
the wording of the definition of the frontier as reaffirmed by the Prime Minister in
his letter to the High Commissioner No. 2944 of July 21st, 1932.
3. In that letter the definition of the frontiers was reaffirmed in the following
terms: —
" From the intersection of the Wadi al Audja with the Batin and thence
northwards along the Batin to a point just south of the latitude of Safwan;
thence eastwards passing south of Safwan wells, Jebel Sanam and Um Qasr
leaving them to Iraq and so on to the junction of the Khor Zobeir with the
Khor Abdullah. The islands of Warba, Bubian, Maskan (or Mashjan)
Failakah, Auhah, Kubbar Qaru and Um el Maradin appertain to Koweit."
4. The points to be interpreted and the interpretation which it is suggested
should be given to them are as follows: —
(1) " Along the Batin " the frontier line shall follow the thalweg, i.e., the line
of the deepest depression.
(2) The " point just South of the latitude of Safwan " shall be the point on
the thalweg of the Batin due West of the point a little to the South of
Safwan at which the post and notice-board marking the frontier stood
until March 1939.
(3) From the Batin to the neighbourhood of Safwan the frontier shall be
a line along the parallel of latitude on which stands the above-
mentioned point at which the post and notice-board formerly stood.
(4) The " junction of the Khor Zubair with the Khor Abdullah " shall mean
the junction of the thalweg of the Khor Zubair with the thalweg of
the north-westerly arm of the Khor Abdullah known as the Khor
(5) From the neighbourhood of the Safwan to the junction of the Khor
Zubair with the Khor Abdullah the frontier shall be the shortest line
between the point defined in sub-paragraph (2) and the point defined
in sub-paragraph (4). But if this line shall be found, when followed
on the ground to strike the right bank of the Khor Zubair before it
reaches the point defined in sub-paragraph (4), it shall be modified
in such a manner as to follow the low water line on the right bank of
the Khor Zubair until a point on the bank immediately opposite the
point defined in sub-paragraph (4) is reached, thus leaving the whole
of the Khor Zubair to Iraq.
(6) From the point defined in sub-paragraph (4) to the open sea the boundary
shall follow the thalweg of the Khor Abdullah.
5. In the hope that Your Excellency will agree in principle with my
Government's view of the advantage to both the Iraqi and Koweiti Governments
of a demarcation of their common frontier, I am enclosing, as a basis for
discussion, a draft of a Note which I suggest Your Excellency should, on behalf of
the Iraqi Government, address to me. I will then endeavour to obtain, through
the proper channel, the formal agreement of His Highness the Ruler of Koweit to
these proposals.
I avail myself of this opportunity to express to Your Excellency the assurance
of my highest consideration.
(Paragraph 51)
Note Verbale, dated December J8 1951, from His Majesty's Embassy, Bagdad,
to the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs
His Britannic Majesty's Embassy presents its compliments to the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs and has the honour to state that His Britannic Majesty's
Government in the United Kingdom have had under consideration the question
46639 2 l 2

About this item


Appendices to IOR/R/15/1/731(1). The appendices relate to the chapter on general matters, and to the chapters on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat. Also includes genealogical tables of Ruling Families in the Gulf at the end of the volume and (separately filed) further handwritten genealogical tables.

Extent and format
1 volume (65 folios)

There is a list of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 110 on the front cover and terminates at 176 on the last of the loose folios stored in polyester sheets. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence is a continuation of that in the main part of the document - IOR/R/15/1/731(1).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953: Appendices, Genealogical Tables' [‎132r] (50/142), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(2), in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 February 2020]

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