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'File W/4 Hostilities in Persia: Tangistan Blockade; Confiscation of Tea for Tangistan' [‎24r] (45/411)

The record is made up of 1 file (203 folios). It was created in 28 Jul 1915-30 Jul 1918. It was written in English, French, Arabic and Persian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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peace, showed himself as assisting the English, yet his attitude is like that
of a two days' old guest. Those who have become courageous in their sin and
notorious, and who are ready to sacrifice themselves even with their lives in
assisting the English, are those two traitors.
The English have of late hit on a good plan. As they are convinced
that tliey cannot defend themselves with their present force against the con
federates they have tried to curtail the forces of confederates, and to keep
them occupied on one side. The plan is that ever since the unity of the
volunteers in the South, Agha Khan, Ismail Khan's son-in-law, had secretly
allied himself with the confederates, and, as for many years past, there has
been enmity hetwen Ghazanfar-us-Sultaneh and Ismail Khan, and the former
^ is also a member of the alliance ; Ismail Khan therefore wanted to give a lesson
to Agha Khan, and even to get rid of him once for all. But as he saw the
lorces of the confederates and Ghazanfar-us-Sultaneli with him, he did not
think that he was able to do so. The English perceived his difficulty, gave
him assurances of their assistance through Ilaidar Khan and showed all sorts
of co-operation and thereby got him to attack Agha Khan. Ismail Khan at
once occupied Cham-i-Darwahi, one of the particular villages of Agha Khan,
and surrounded his villages with troops. Haidar Khan's forces were also sent
to assist, and about two thousand men attacked Agha Khan, who thus was in
dire stress. The Ghazanfar-us-Sultaneh, in accordance with the alliance, sent
troops with the result that 40 men have been killed and wounded from both
sides up to present. However, much the Governor-General'of Ears gave
counsel and used threats, it had no effect; it is only right because " the fish is
putrid from its head and not from its tail and all these cries are made by the
Shah " (i.e., there is a gigantic force behind them all). They (the British)
are the men who have instigated this trouble and sedition and as long as
they are not stopped, they will not hold their hands. In the meantime, the
Governor of the Gulf Ports, and the traitor to Persia, Muwaqqar-ud-Douleh,
under instructions from the English, sent a 8-centemetre gun to Shief to assist
Ismail Khan, which meant a triumph for Haidar Khan, and the defeat of the
You should now see what an extraordinary state of things results. Persons
who have committed all sorts of treason towards their Government, and _ their i -
nation and religion, are to be given a gun, while those persons who have joined
the hands of fraternity and brotherhood with each other are despised and
condemned 1
Hurrah for the diplomacy of the Government authorities! Still we should
thank His Excellency M ukhbir-us-Suitaneh, who, having received news
of the arrival of the gun, immediately issued an order to the gendarmerie that
the Government gun was not to intervene in operations, and that it was to be
used against the party which refused to make peace. He ordered the gendar
merie at once to seize the gun, and to use it against any party which may
refuse to make peace.
As soon, however, as the news of the arrival of the gun reached the
Tangistanis and Chahkutahis, they also at once proceeded to take measures
and are at present engaged in sending contingents. A part of them has
already arrived at Borasjun. They claim someting more. They say that they
should extirpate Haidar Khan, the traitor, according to their first agreement.
If the Government wanted to punish him, it would have done so and would
not have treated him in this way. At present fighting is in progress and the
front gets wider and wider day by day. It is not known it the gun which has
arrived will be easily surrendered to the gendermerie. If the Tangistanis get
ready with all their force, they will totally annihilate Haidar Khan and his
The night is pregnant and we should see what the morning brings forth
(i .e., there is somethiny progressing, we should see the result).
# #
JSf. i?.—This last sentence is the same as that used in the other article in .■
the handwriting of Mu-hammad lleza Herisi, which recently came into our

About this item


This file contains correspondence between the British Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, as well as Sheikh ‘Isā bin ‘Alī Āl Khalifah, ruler of Bahrain, and Sheikh Qāsim bin Mahzā’, Qāḍī of Bahrain.

The correspondence concerns the anti-British revolt of the Tangsiri and Qashqai tribes, headed by Ra’īs ‘Alī Dalvārī under the influence of Wilhelm Wassmuss, and the aftermath of their attack on the British Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. at Bushire on 12 July 1915. Included within the correspondence are: letters concerning the occupation of the town of Bushire, British counter-raids and the death of Ra’īs ‘Alī Delvārī; the imposition of a blockade on Tangsiri boats operating in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; statements and customs papers (Acquit de Sortie and Permis de Cabotage) from various Bahraini and Persian nākhudā s (dhow boat captains) gathered by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; the arrest and detention of Yūsuf Fakhrū on suspicion of political dealings with Germany; attacks against British diplomatic missions and residents in Persia, including Shiraz and Isfahan; and information concerning German activities in Persia during the First World War.

Extent and format
1 file (203 folios)

This file is arranged approximately in chronological order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Foliation is written in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins with the first item of correspondence, on number 2, and runs through to 201, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume.

Written in
English, French, Arabic and Persian in Latin and Arabic script
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'File W/4 Hostilities in Persia: Tangistan Blockade; Confiscation of Tea for Tangistan' [‎24r] (45/411), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/50, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 November 2018]

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