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'Muscat Treaty' [‎11r] (36/537)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (255 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1938-29 Nov 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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- 2 -
1 1
/1
^ticle 34 - /e would suggest the insertion of the
words "at seaport towns^ after the word "reside*' in the
third line of this Irticle. In this connection please see
our demi-official No.1349-0, dated the 16th of April 1924.
Though it is unlikely that the Sultan would wish to
appoint a Consul at the headquarters of the Government of
India and although the proviso requiring approval of the
places at ?/hich ^onsul6 should reside might give us grounds
for refusing for such a demand if made, it seems desirable
to take the opportunity of clarifying the position by
entirely preventing such a demands
For "whose nationals they may be" at the end of this
Article we would suggest "whose national he may be".
(^) Article 16 - The expression "crime or a serious
offence" seems too vague. It is presumably based on the
old Treaty, vide Article 14, in which the expression was
"crime or serious offence punishable by lav/". We would
suggest that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. might attempt to find
a more precise phrase in his forthcoming discussions with
the Sultaiu
2» It is possible but unlikely that we may have a few
more comments to make. If so^ we will inform you by
telegram.
The issue of the above has been authorised.
Deputy Secretary to the Qovernment of India.
M*
't X.

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Content

Correspondence relating to negotiation of Muscat Treaty in 1938. The Muscat Commercial Treaty 1891 had been renewed every year but in 1938 Sultan Said bin Taimur stated that he was not prepared to renew it further. Correspondence relates to the negotiations over a new treaty, the clauses and their wordings.

Discussions in the correspondence included:

  • Issue of appointment of Consular Officers to inland towns.
  • Whether the treaty could be translated into classical or modern Arabic.
  • Jurisdiction of nationals other than those defined in the 1891 treaty.
  • Customs duties.
  • Importation of items such as alcoholic liquors and tobacco by His Majesty's Consul for his personal use.
  • Arrangements for obtaining Sultan's signature in Muscat or Dhofar.

Includes side-by-side Arabic and English translations of draft clauses as well as a copy of the Arabic and English text proposed for the treaty. The final treaty was composed of 23 articles covering: nationals; aircraft; internal duties and taxes; prohibitions on imports; appointment of Consuls; assistance of vessels in distress; freedom of conscience and religious toleration; procedures for termination of the treaty; the equivalence of the Arabic and English version of the text of the treaty but where dispute English text was considered decisive; length of treaty. Also includes a confidential letter relating to Article 15. Correspondents include: Said bin Taimur [Sa‘īd bin Taymūr], Sultan of Muscat; Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Rutherford Berriman Tippetts, Board of Trade, London; India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Whitehall, London; Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat.

Extent and format
1 volume (255 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the system of foliation in use is the sequence of numbers written in pencil in the top right hand corner of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Muscat Treaty' [‎11r] (36/537), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/413, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023827340.0x000025> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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