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'Muscat Treaty' [‎12r] (38/537)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (255 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1938-29 Nov 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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—nil
Demi-01 licial letter to I .D. 7akely, Esquire, Secretary,
Political Department, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , London, 3.17.1, No.l349-a.,
dated the 16th April 1924.
• i n
Flease refer to the correspondence ending with the
telegram from r is Excellency the Viceroy in the Foreign and
Political Department, dated the 13th September 1923, No.1128-3.,
regarding the application made by the Italian G-overnment for
the issue of an exequatur to an Italian Consul at Delhi. This
application His Kajesty's Government were able to refuse,
because the provisions of the Anglo-Italian Treaty of Commerce
of 1883 were made applicable to India under a Convention
(dated 15th June 1914) which itself restricts the appointment
of Consular officers to seaport towns.
2, The examination of the Italian application has led the
G-overnment of India to consider the position which would have
to be taken up in the event of similar applications from other
Powers, and to take note how far it is possible at the present
day to adhere to the rule, referred to in the beginning of
the telegram cited in the previous paragraph, under which
Consuls in India (other than the Consul-General for Afghanistan)
are confined to the seaports. The Commercial Treaties affecting
India have now been scrutinised and it is thought that the
conclusions arrived at may be of interest to the Secretary of
State.
3. Under the Treaties concluded on the 16th February 1866,
21st November 1848 and 9th December 1856, respectively,
Columbia, Liberia and Morocco possess unrestricted freedom
to appoint Consular officers in any of the territories.
Dominions and settlements of Great Britain. The Government
of India would consequently be unable to resist a claim put
forward by any of these countries lor the locaijion of Consular
officers ...

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Content

Correspondence relating to negotiation of Muscat Treaty in 1938. The Muscat Commercial Treaty 1891 had been renewed every year but in 1938 Sultan Said bin Taimur stated that he was not prepared to renew it further. Correspondence relates to the negotiations over a new treaty, the clauses and their wordings.

Discussions in the correspondence included:

  • Issue of appointment of Consular Officers to inland towns.
  • Whether the treaty could be translated into classical or modern Arabic.
  • Jurisdiction of nationals other than those defined in the 1891 treaty.
  • Customs duties.
  • Importation of items such as alcoholic liquors and tobacco by His Majesty's Consul for his personal use.
  • Arrangements for obtaining Sultan's signature in Muscat or Dhofar.

Includes side-by-side Arabic and English translations of draft clauses as well as a copy of the Arabic and English text proposed for the treaty. The final treaty was composed of 23 articles covering: nationals; aircraft; internal duties and taxes; prohibitions on imports; appointment of Consuls; assistance of vessels in distress; freedom of conscience and religious toleration; procedures for termination of the treaty; the equivalence of the Arabic and English version of the text of the treaty but where dispute English text was considered decisive; length of treaty. Also includes a confidential letter relating to Article 15. Correspondents include: Said bin Taimur [Sa‘īd bin Taymūr], Sultan of Muscat; Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Rutherford Berriman Tippetts, Board of Trade, London; India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Whitehall, London; Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat.

Extent and format
1 volume (255 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the system of foliation in use is the sequence of numbers written in pencil in the top right hand corner of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Muscat Treaty' [‎12r] (38/537), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/413, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023827340.0x000027> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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