The record is made up of 1 volume (255 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1938-29 Nov 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
" >7 . ! o
tide 1 (ii). The Sultan in the course of several conversations with
me on the subject of the jurisdiction of nationals
other than those defined in the 1891 treaty mentioned
that he intended to press for jurisdiction over the
subjects of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sheikhdoms on which he
said he felt rather strongly.
The procedure hitherto followed in Muscat has
been somewhat variable. In numerous instances sub
jects of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sheikhdoms have been sent
to the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for trial but perhaps more often they
have been tried in the Muscat Government Courts without
reference to the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. . In none of these conver
sations with me did the Sultan claim jurisdiction over
the subjects of the iiden Protectorate and Zanzibar.
I think in the present instance this is merely a
''try on' 1 of his and in my opinion should be resisted.
The Sultan never objected in the past (as of course
he could not do under the terms of the 1891 treaty)
to subjects of the Indian States being considered as
British Subjects and it seems to me that since Zanzibar
and the Aden Protectorate States are apparently in
precisely similar positions to those of the Indian
States that the nationals of the former should be
accorded the same privilege of protection and
jurisdiction over them as those of the Indian States.
I think it would have an unfortunate effect in
Muscat locally if people who are 3 after all? genuine
British protected persons should be deprived 0° the
benefits of British jurisdiction5 and my opinion is
that the 3ultan ? if pressed? would drop ais claim for
jurisdiction over the subjects of these States.
About this item
Correspondence relating to negotiation of Muscat Treaty in 1938. The Muscat Commercial Treaty 1891 had been renewed every year but in 1938 Sultan Said bin Taimur stated that he was not prepared to renew it further. Correspondence relates to the negotiations over a new treaty, the clauses and their wordings.
Discussions in the correspondence included:
- Issue of appointment of Consular Officers to inland towns.
- Whether the treaty could be translated into classical or modern Arabic.
- Jurisdiction of nationals other than those defined in the 1891 treaty.
- Customs duties.
- Importation of items such as alcoholic liquors and tobacco by His Majesty's Consul for his personal use.
- Arrangements for obtaining Sultan's signature in Muscat or Dhofar.
Includes side-by-side Arabic and English translations of draft clauses as well as a copy of the Arabic and English text proposed for the treaty. The final treaty was composed of 23 articles covering: nationals; aircraft; internal duties and taxes; prohibitions on imports; appointment of Consuls; assistance of vessels in distress; freedom of conscience and religious toleration; procedures for termination of the treaty; the equivalence of the Arabic and English version of the text of the treaty but where dispute English text was considered decisive; length of treaty. Also includes a confidential letter relating to Article 15. Correspondents include: Said bin Taimur [Sa‘īd bin Taymūr], Sultan of Muscat; Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Rutherford Berriman Tippetts, Board of Trade, London; India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Whitehall, London; Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (255 folios)
The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the system of foliation in use is the sequence of numbers written in pencil in the top right hand corner of each folio.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Muscat Treaty'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:i-v, 1ar:1dv, 2r:40v, 41v:49v, 50v:75r, 76r:77r, 78r:79r, 80r:125r, 126r:150v, 151ar:151bv, 152r:162r, 163r:173v, 174ar:174bv, 175r:175v, 178v:188v, 189ar:189bv, 190r:255v, ii-r:iv-v, back-i
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