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'Muscat Treaty' [‎28r] (70/537)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (255 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1938-29 Nov 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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.. Wtfflu*
A //5
\ /
3.
for full equality of treatment with the Sultan
nationals as regards irnmova'ble property.
Lcle 5(3). During my time in Muscat I have had considerable
trouble with the question of additional customs duty
being levied at Muscat and Muttra on goods which have
already paid duty at some port in the Sultanate where
they had first been landed. The grounds for this
demand put forward by the Director of Customs was that
incorrect duty had been assessed at the first port.
This procedure leads to serious inconvenience to merchants
and of course many abuses. If at all possible ? I
think it would be most advantageous to have some sort
of addition made to this section whereby it would be
clearly laid down that goods once landed and duty there
on paid no further question of the amount paid on them
at whatever port they may have been landed should be
allowed to be brought up ? and I would suggest some sort
of clause as the following ? which I think might meet
the case - "there shall be no variation of the customs
U dues in any of the Ports of the Sultanate and goods
''once landed and the duty thereon paid shall not be
"liable to re-assessment of duty 15 . This Clause., or an
addition somewhat on these lines, thought it might appear
surprising in a Treaty with another Country ? would, I
think5 not be objected to by the Sultan and it would
have the very real advantage of saving what I feel ?
from experience5 will be endless disputes and arguments
on this particular point
\!^ - - ,
I
ile 5(4)(b) The period of one month will, in my opinion, hit
merchants rather severely and at least three months
should be allowed for the purpose.
Article 5/

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Content

Correspondence relating to negotiation of Muscat Treaty in 1938. The Muscat Commercial Treaty 1891 had been renewed every year but in 1938 Sultan Said bin Taimur stated that he was not prepared to renew it further. Correspondence relates to the negotiations over a new treaty, the clauses and their wordings.

Discussions in the correspondence included:

  • Issue of appointment of Consular Officers to inland towns.
  • Whether the treaty could be translated into classical or modern Arabic.
  • Jurisdiction of nationals other than those defined in the 1891 treaty.
  • Customs duties.
  • Importation of items such as alcoholic liquors and tobacco by His Majesty's Consul for his personal use.
  • Arrangements for obtaining Sultan's signature in Muscat or Dhofar.

Includes side-by-side Arabic and English translations of draft clauses as well as a copy of the Arabic and English text proposed for the treaty. The final treaty was composed of 23 articles covering: nationals; aircraft; internal duties and taxes; prohibitions on imports; appointment of Consuls; assistance of vessels in distress; freedom of conscience and religious toleration; procedures for termination of the treaty; the equivalence of the Arabic and English version of the text of the treaty but where dispute English text was considered decisive; length of treaty. Also includes a confidential letter relating to Article 15. Correspondents include: Said bin Taimur [Sa‘īd bin Taymūr], Sultan of Muscat; Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Rutherford Berriman Tippetts, Board of Trade, London; India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Whitehall, London; Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat.

Extent and format
1 volume (255 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the system of foliation in use is the sequence of numbers written in pencil in the top right hand corner of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Muscat Treaty' [‎28r] (70/537), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/413, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023827340.0x000047> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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