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'File 26/185 V (F 96) Shaikh of Mohammerah' [‎99r] (205/472)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (233 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1939-16 Nov 1946. It was written in English, Arabic and Persian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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203.
. 4039/155/34)
r
FOREIGN OFFICE, S .W .I.
« \
29th Au^st t l944.
regarding 5i0 a^gurancea given by His Majesty's (xoveroflant
to the .late aneikh of Hohanjrnerah and the bearing of these
assurances on the present claims of 3hei*kh Chassib.
2m The history of the two letters referred to in paragraph
of ; that despatch is as follows* The officiatiag. iiesident m
the Persian uralf dubciitted to the aoveru^iaent of India on the
14th ^pife.nber, IQ*!, the draft of a. special letter to the
Sheikh 'of- M>hafflBer2i to be despatched in the event of the
outbreak of war between Grreat Britain and Turkey • This draft
the text of which is enclosed, was approved by the Joveraaeni
of India on the 26th September* 19^4 with jLha -aubatitution
of the words "date gardens iiicn you novs possess" for ^your
•date gardens'* in tne last paragraph, attd the oioniasion of
the words '•for ever** In this amenaed f(mji the lett- r was
delivered to the Sheikh on the 3rd Novemoer, 19i4«
3# Subsequently, after th^occupatijn of Basra. Sheikh
Khazal asked that the wordi% of tlie letter should be revised*
In the foru originally sanctioned, the letter contained a
reference- to the co-operation expected f rom the Sheikh in
the event of iter being needed in connexion vath the capture of
Basra* The «>heikh urged that, as occassion ii did not arise
for the fulfilment of this obligation, -it seamed somewhat
inconvenient and superfluous for it to be mentioned in a
communication fchich would become an important and permanent
recordi he therefore begged for a raarised lotter from ^hich
the passages relating to Basra s-hould be omiited*
A. Accordingly Sir Percy Gox, after obtaining approval of
the Viceroy, sent to Sheim Khazal the letter lated 22nd
November, 1514, the text of which ii knoT#to you.
- S »
5. rha aovorumeat of India will doubtless be ii a position
to supply a certified cop/ of Colonel Unoz'a letter of the
3rd liovsmb^r, 1914. It iss sufficient to remark here that it
is not surprisioij that the second lettir did not to
the first, or that the first letter was not included in. the
rinted collection to which raference is made in paragraph 2
of Sir Reader Bullard's despatch. The second letter replaaed
the first letter, and if there were any ad vintage to be
-•ained. we could maintain that the first lett r tnerafore had
no validity.
6. You are familiar with the apneral course of events
aubseuueut to ! the rise of Rez® Shaa vlster --sz-- Shah/, and
with their relation to the undertakings of. His -ajesty'a
Government to the ohaikh of ilohaa'aerah. rnia history is not
closely relevant" to the present issue, but it should pernapa
be mentioned that His liajeaty's Government could, had they
wished, ha e made the Sheikhas disregard of tneir advice in
1924-25 (when he deliberately broke tne conditions mentioned
3
not*

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Content

The volume contains correspondence pertaining to the relatives of the late Shaikh of Khuzestan, Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī. The correspondents include the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bahrain, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, Government of India, Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , British Ambassador in Tehran, British Ambassador in Baghdad, Middle East Office at Cairo, British Consul General at Ahwaz, Vice Consul at Korramshahr, and two of Khaz‘al's sons, Abdullah [‘Abdullah bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī] and Chassib [Jāsib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī].

The matters covered in the volume include:

  • compensation to be paid to the heirs of Sheikh Ahmad of Kuwait and Sheikh Khaz‘al for taxes [ istiḥlāk ] paid on estates that they should have been exempt from;
  • the intrigues and actions of Khaz‘al's sons, ‘Abdullah and Jāsib, including small-scale incursions into Khuzistan [Khūzestān] from Iraq and attempts to garner Arab and British support for their return to power in Khuzistan;
  • where to settle ‘Abdullah after his return from Persia.

Folios 64-69 are letters in Arabic, signed by several of the heads of leading Arab families in the region, petitioning the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. for help against Persian oppression.

Folios 214-228 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (233 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is an incomplete foliation sequence and a complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence, which should be used for referencing, is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and ends on the last folio of writing, on number 228. There are the following irregularities: folio 1 is followed by folio 1A. It should be noted that folio 67 is contained in an envelope which is attached to the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. of folio 66, and folios 71-72 are in an envelope which is attached to the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. of folio 70.

Written in
English, Arabic and Persian in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 26/185 V (F 96) Shaikh of Mohammerah' [‎99r] (205/472), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/388, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023839395.0x000006> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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