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'File 13/2 VII Air facilities in Arab shaikhdoms' [‎3r] (5/430)

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The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 20 Sep 1945-25 Aug 1946. It was written in English, Arabic and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(Received undftr I• 0. endt. No. IilXT.4^26
dated the ^7/9/1^45.)
Ext.4226/45
S.W.I.
INDIA OF^ICi:,
WHITEHALL,
Dear Jones,
27th September, 1^46
I enclose herewith a copy of a Note by Sir
Geoffrey Prior the Poiiticax Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
(now on leave in this country) in which he suggests that it
would be opportune to secure at 'an early date the agreement
of"the Sheikh of Bahrein to the extension for another 10
years of the Bahrain Civil Air Agreement which is due to-
expire at,the end of 1948. His suggestion has been put
forward in connection with the question of the erection of
oil tanks for the supply of aviation fufel at Bahrain.^ ^ou
were concerned with the latter question at, an earlier stage
but do not appear to have attended the latest meeting held
by the Ministry of Fuel and Power on 14th September, of which
I enclose a note.
2. Sir Geoffrey-Prior is due to return to the Gulf-
via Bahrein in-about a month's time and if sanction Is ^
obtained here to the proposal, he could probably negotiate
an extension of the agreement when he reaches Bahrein. .Ve
should not wish to delay the arrangements which the Air
Ministry are proDOsing to make with the A.I.O. jTor the
supply of aviation fuel from Abadan, but it may be possible
to arrange an extension of the agreement before our intentions
in the matter of bulk storage tanks are revealed to B.A.P.C.O.
and they connect the matter with our,rights under the Civil
Air Agreement.
3. We shall be glad to know .your views on Sir Geoffrey
Prior's suggestion thit he might offer some increased rate
of payment to the Sheikh. We appreciate that there may be
some difficulty in securing, at short notice, financial
sanction for an increase of the present rates and it may
be better to leave this aspect until renewal of the agreement
has been broached to the Sheikh. We should, however, be
glad if you could let us know the exact sun which H . j i. G.
are at present paying to the Sheikh in connection with the
Air Agreement.
4. As regards the last paragraph of Sir Geoffrey
Prior's note, we have recently seen the report (forwarder!
vith your lettjt R.7302/45/C.0.I. of 12th September) on a
recent tour of the Middle ^ast and Africa by a Joint LiSvSion
of the Ministry of Civil Aviation and B.O.A.C. in which there
is sug;ested as a possibility the abandonment of Muharraq
Aerodrome in favour of a new aerodrome near 'larnala on the
main Bahrein Island.. The Civil Air Agreement, as Sir
Geoffrey Prior points out, would cover such a new aerodrome
^ince it refers to "aerodromes" in the plural. There has
doubtless not yet been tine for you to consider the full
implications of this suggestion but it would of course be
helpful if we could know as soon as possible the future
intentions of the Air Ministry and Ministry of Civil Aviation
as regards Bahrein.
5. I should be grateful to have your comments at an
early date. If you agree that this is desirable we will
arrange a meeting of tnose concerned to discuss the ma f ter
here in the near future.

About this item

Content

The file contains correspondence related to the negotiation of new or continuing civil air agreements between British Government representatives and the Sheikhs of Bahrain, Qatar and the Trucial States. The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain (Major Arnold Crawshaw Galloway until July 1946, thereafter Hugh Rance), and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Geoffrey Prior until November 1945, Sir Rupert Hay thereafter).

The file begins with correspondence related to negotiations for the continuance of the Civil Air Agreement already in place between the British Government/British Overseas Air Corporation (BOAC) and the Government of Bahrain (see 'File 13/1 I Aerodrome at Bahrain' IOR/R/15/2/505 for the original agreement). Notes from a meeting that took place at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London on 9 October 1945, outline the British Government's reasons for wishing to extend the Agreement by seven years (folio 9).

Subsequent correspondence in the file relates to a number of new air routes proposed between Europe and India/Asia, which would entail increasing numbers of international aircraft passing over or refuelling on the Arab Gulf coast. These airlines included Transcontinental and Western Airlines (TWA), Air France, Morton Air Services Limited, and Dalmia Jain Airways. The Chicago Convention, an international code intended to coordinate and regulate international air travel, had been signed on 7 December 1944. Amongst its provisions was the need to accord equal rights to all aircraft flying over foreign territories. In response to the convention, the British Government had to seek the Arab coast sheikhs' agreement to conform to the Chicago code, in order to permit airlines such as TWA and Air France the right to fly over or land in the dominions. Copies of the letters sent by Galloway to the various sheikhs are included in the file (folios 41-48), along with the sheikhs' replies (folios 61-66, 70-71, 73-80). The file also includes a printed copy of an agreement between the British and French Governments relating to air transport between British and French territories, issued on 28 February 1946 (folios 129-140), and reports of TWA's plans to fly to Bombay via Saudi Arabia (folio 184).

Extent and format
1 file (212 folios)
Arrangement

The contents of the file have been arranged in approximate chronological order, running from the earliest items at the front of the file to the latest at the end.

There is a set of office notes at the end of the file (folios 199-213) which mirrors the chronological arrangement. The office notes comprise a numbered list of items contained in the volume. Each item is written in red or blue/black ink, dependent on whether it refers to an incoming (red) or outgoing (blue/black) piece of correspondence. The list references items in the file, marked either with corresponding red or blue numbers.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The main foliation system starts on the front cover of the file, and runs to the inside back cover. It uses circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . There is a second foliation system which uses uncircled numbers, also in the top-right corner of each folio. This foliation system runs through most of the volume, merging occasionally with the main foliation system. Some items in the file are marked with circled red or blue crayon numbers, which constitute part of the original filing arrangement. Blue numbers are used for outgoing correspondence, red numbers for incoming correspondence.

Folio 66 is a fold-out.

Written in
English, Arabic and French in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 13/2 VII Air facilities in Arab shaikhdoms' [‎3r] (5/430), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/507, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023848278.0x000006> [accessed 14 December 2019]

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