'File 13/2 VII Air facilities in Arab shaikhdoms' [21r] (41/430)
The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 20 Sep 1945-25 Aug 1946. It was written in English, Arabic and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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FJCPRKSS LETTER .
From - political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.
Xo - political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire.
Dated the 30th of December, 1945. r. ^ V 1
Reference correspondence ending witu tiiis
office telegram No. SlV ^dated the 19th of Xovember, 1945.
2 # On my recent visit to the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. I
interviewed the* Sheikh of Sharjah in connection with
his refusal to accept his subsidy and allowances, and
pointed out that he had renewed the Civil Air Agreement
as recently as 1943 and that then was the time to suggest
any alterations. He said that he would accept the money
now and would write to me concerning his complaints.
3. He has now written saying that he would like
increases from the 1st January in the follov'i*g!-
(a) Pay of guards
(b) Allowances and rent of the aerodrome / • " 7
(c) Landing fee of civil aircraft f b !'* -
(d) pouse rent. S V w
4. As regards (a) th^ Sheikh complained again in
August, 1945, that the pay,dnd war allowance of the
guards was insufficient../In reply he was told that it
was considered that there did not appear to be any justi
fication for an increase. Prom one aspect it is difficult
to justify an increase since it does not appear to me
that tne Sheikh keeps the stipulated number of 35 and 2
head guards. Also it is certain that the guards do not
properly perform their functions and are often invol'/er
in untoward incidents.
There is, however, another aspect which is that
while the presence of the guards was originally rendered
necessary by the for^s being isolated in the desert and
because of the possibility of bedouin raids, now it is
on the edge of a large camp, is the centre of activity
and the chance of bedouin raids has become negligible.
The continued need for the presence of the guards is then
only to maintain the Sheikh 1 s connection with the fort.for
the safety of whose personnel he is still responsible and
I should say also for guarding the water wells.
5. Although the war is over, reasons necessitating
a war allowance still remain and it is a question as to
whether the allowance should be enhanced or not. Guards
now earn approximately Rs.5/-p.m. less than a daily
labourer. This is wrong and I think that an increase to
at least that rate is desirable, together with a propor
tionate increase for the head guards. This rate could
not be considered excessive. A further point is that
unless the guards are properly paid it is difficult to
hold the Sheikh responsible for tm their misbehaviour.
/6. As regards
About this item
The file contains correspondence related to the negotiation of new or continuing civil air agreements between British Government representatives and the Sheikhs of Bahrain, Qatar and the Trucial States. The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain (Major Arnold Crawshaw Galloway until July 1946, thereafter Hugh Rance), and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Sir Geoffrey Prior until November 1945, Sir Rupert Hay thereafter).
The file begins with correspondence related to negotiations for the continuance of the Civil Air Agreement already in place between the British Government/British Overseas Air Corporation (BOAC) and the Government of Bahrain (see 'File 13/1 I Aerodrome at Bahrain' IOR/R/15/2/505 for the original agreement). Notes from a meeting that took place at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London on 9 October 1945, outline the British Government's reasons for wishing to extend the Agreement by seven years (folio 9).
Subsequent correspondence in the file relates to a number of new air routes proposed between Europe and India/Asia, which would entail increasing numbers of international aircraft passing over or refuelling on the Arab Gulf coast. These airlines included Transcontinental and Western Airlines (TWA), Air France, Morton Air Services Limited, and Dalmia Jain Airways. The Chicago Convention, an international code intended to coordinate and regulate international air travel, had been signed on 7 December 1944. Amongst its provisions was the need to accord equal rights to all aircraft flying over foreign territories. In response to the convention, the British Government had to seek the Arab coast sheikhs' agreement to conform to the Chicago code, in order to permit airlines such as TWA and Air France the right to fly over or land in the dominions. Copies of the letters sent by Galloway to the various sheikhs are included in the file (folios 41-48), along with the sheikhs' replies (folios 61-66, 70-71, 73-80). The file also includes a printed copy of an agreement between the British and French Governments relating to air transport between British and French territories, issued on 28 February 1946 (folios 129-140), and reports of TWA's plans to fly to Bombay via Saudi Arabia (folio 184).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (212 folios)
The contents of the file have been arranged in approximate chronological order, running from the earliest items at the front of the file to the latest at the end.
There is a set of office notes at the end of the file (folios 199-213) which mirrors the chronological arrangement. The office notes comprise a numbered list of items contained in the volume. Each item is written in red or blue/black ink, dependent on whether it refers to an incoming (red) or outgoing (blue/black) piece of correspondence. The list references items in the file, marked either with corresponding red or blue numbers.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The main foliation system starts on the front cover of the file, and runs to the inside back cover. It uses circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . There is a second foliation system which uses uncircled numbers, also in the top-right corner of each folio. This foliation system runs through most of the volume, merging occasionally with the main foliation system. Some items in the file are marked with circled red or blue crayon numbers, which constitute part of the original filing arrangement. Blue numbers are used for outgoing correspondence, red numbers for incoming correspondence.
Folio 66 is a fold-out.
- Written in
- English, Arabic and French in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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