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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎26r] (62/462)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (231 folios). It was created in 21 Jul 1937-14 Nov 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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a warship ruid orclcrGd >Xia r 'li .lacini ^in lliani "to evacuate
-jubarah in tliroe hours' time or otherwise it would be boinbarded.
hen the tine canie rnd he did not obey the orders it was tota ly
destroyed by shells, rhe Amir ran away with his army and since
then oibnrah remained in a ruined state and no one developed it
as it was cons '.dered to be a dependency of Bahrain.
One and a half years a. British Company, a branch of
Abadan Company, obtained oil concession from Shailch Abdillah bin
casim ibn Aiani, the present Anir of ^atar, for ^atar peninsala.
i'he Co^any's 'Una er toured all over the country and visited
^ubarah and its dependencies. He found that there v /as more oil
in -Saabarah thaA it v :as in -iatar. He asked the Amir to give ,
him the cone cr:s ion promising him Br t ! .sh Government's a sistance
He (Amir) took up the .atter# 'ilie -ir .im tribes were paying to
„atar neither ^alcatnor Customs dies as the,; were considered to
be the subjects of A1 Khalifah. He demanded from them customs
and zakat on their cattle and the provisions they imported from
B hrain. 'ilioy relUsed to pay and migrated to ^abarah. He sent
someone to them to toll then that 2abc-rah was his. iliey took
refUge with A1 Khalifah who ^;a:/c then a> gu ranee and provided
them with money» food and arrx f r defence. After some days
the itiler of ;atar collected on arny and marched on ^ibarah
in order to it and punish the Nairn tribes. The Amir of
Bahrain Shaikh Unad asked for negotiations and tv/o representa
tives v ;ere sent n^iely Nasir bin Atiyah and his (Shaikh of
Qatar's) Secretary ualih bin ^ialaiman al --ani 1 . But they
were not cuccecsf il in achievin any ref ?alt because there was
a foreign hand in the matter, 'fho Anir of Bahrain v /as very
strict about /ubc.raJi; similarly the '< r im tribes; and the Amir
of iatar v/as also the sane as they were, ihe negotiations wer
going on till the end of Kabi al Awal 1356 (beginning of June
ilien the ^ad of the Bahrain Government, v /ho is an ^hglishnar
named C.D. Belgrave, ordered the boycott of provisions,
piece -goods and petrol acainst ^atar. Un the 1st of
ifcbi al iliani (10th Ouno 1937 ) 3hr.>Ji Abdillah bin Isa.

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding the situation after hostilities that occurred between the Al Naim tribe (supported by Bahrain) and Qatar in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in June and July 1937.

The correspondence covers the period immediately following the events and continues for several years until 1946. It contains details of British mediation efforts between the two sides and also includes the text (in English and Arabic) of a reconciliation agreement between the two sides from 1944.

The file also contains a translation of an Arabic-language letter published in the Cairo publication 'Rabitat Al Arabieh' (f. 25). The letter is from a Bahraini and argues that the British had sided with Qatar in the conflict regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as they were afraid that if under Bahraini control, the concession for oil deposits near the town would be given to an American (as opposed to British) oil company as had been done in Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (231 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume. There are two incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and runs through to 224, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume. Anomalies: f.1A; f.126A; f.126B; f.141A; f.141B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎26r] (62/462), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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