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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎27r] (64/462)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (231 folios). It was created in 21 Jul 1937-14 Nov 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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brother of the Haler of X^.Tirain, and Uha *ich SaLnan "bin llaJiiad,
the heir-a n aren t , acco: parried by this ritish Adviser left
for -jatar in order to negotiate with the air. 'ihey passed
six days there but did not succeed. After they had returned,
a messen :er came to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. from the Amir of ^atar
with a letter declaring war a ainst Subarah and order in * his
forces to inva o it. ai IC^alifah vanted to help them. 2Ut
the Consul p:' vented them saylnr: that i ' they sent any thing
they v ;ould be responsible to the Government; and he did not
allow them to send any thine except provisions and arms# Our
■ttaler Jhaikh Hamad bin Isa is away from both the movements
political and literaay, as stated in your book "Muslim iiilers^
He is a peaceful man nd always socks the friendship of the
Fighting took place between the Xi a im tribes end the Haler
of ^atar. It continued for six hours csid ended in the victory
or the iataris. i i 'rom Zub.-ireh 4 men v/ere killed and 10 wounded
while from ntaris 10 were killed and 30 v/ounded. ilie ^ataris
has three lorries with them; the people of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. had none.
All the %im army consisted of about 1500 souls; the Qatar
people num bered 2900.
hon the news o ' this incident reached I^lirain it had a
very bad effect on the natives. They went to ahai :h Bamad and
oil ere d tneinselveQ, voluntarily, to help their brot. ren and
insisted on doirxr; go. riie /imir v/ent to the Qlnsul to inform
him of the fact, but the latter prevent ed him from recruiting
amy threatening him oJ the Govcmment's indignation and saying
tliat he would na':e peace between them, shaikh Abdullah, the
Amir's brother who is brave and intelligent aid is feared by
the British, told him: M How cccic we t.ait, 0* Political ^cnti
while '*atar army occupied all the centres and would shortly
occupy u v.rah wliich is our property, as you know, from forme
tines; they wmld ocoipy it un ustly and inequitably and you
are puttin G uo off from day to day ". The Consul promised t(
send a warship and intervene for norco.

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding the situation after hostilities that occurred between the Al Naim tribe (supported by Bahrain) and Qatar in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in June and July 1937.

The correspondence covers the period immediately following the events and continues for several years until 1946. It contains details of British mediation efforts between the two sides and also includes the text (in English and Arabic) of a reconciliation agreement between the two sides from 1944.

The file also contains a translation of an Arabic-language letter published in the Cairo publication 'Rabitat Al Arabieh' (f. 25). The letter is from a Bahraini and argues that the British had sided with Qatar in the conflict regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as they were afraid that if under Bahraini control, the concession for oil deposits near the town would be given to an American (as opposed to British) oil company as had been done in Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (231 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume. There are two incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and runs through to 224, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume. Anomalies: f.1A; f.126A; f.126B; f.141A; f.141B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎27r] (64/462), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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