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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎91r] (192/462)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (231 folios). It was created in 21 Jul 1937-14 Nov 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Note on an interview with Shaikh Sir Salman bin Hamad
al Khalifah, Ruler of Bahrain, on the 9th December 1943.
I went out to see His HigJ:/ness Shaikh Salman at
Rifa'a on the afternoon of the 9th December. 1 had intended
to raise with him the question of the decay of the Manama
Baladiyyah and also the absence, ai ter so niany years, oi any
properly trained judges in the Bahrain courts, as a corrective
to the eulogies I had pronounced in my speech at his inves
2. The conversation, however, took an entirely cuterent
turn. After an exchange of compliments His highness took
charge of it, and described his great anxiety regarding
supplies and the way in which his personal honour as Ruler
was affected by it. (Had he known that the Bahrain supplies
were exhausted by the first of Decenber o^ing to the stupidity
of the Middle Kast Supply Centre and the U.K.G.G., and that
we had been living for the past ten days by broaching supplies
intended for Saudi Arabia which we had been expressly 1or-
bidden to use his anxiety would have been greater stilly.
He then alluded to conditions on the crucial ^oast anc in
Qatar and the fact that the> have been able to maintain
their re -export trade while Bahrain's had been greatly re
duced. He had apparently recently had a visit from a well
informed Qatari who had been describing conditions there
anu mentioned that they were somehow able to export cereals
ana sugar on a consioerable scale. He asked me why it was
that Bahrain's quotas, had been i ixed so lov. aria Uiose tor
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. so high, a fact which had causea him
great loss. 1 replied that 1 could not say, as i had not
been present at the time, whereupon he asked with consioerable
vehemence why officers were sent to these parts who cid not
know the country and who had to speak through a "tarjuman .

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding the situation after hostilities that occurred between the Al Naim tribe (supported by Bahrain) and Qatar in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in June and July 1937.

The correspondence covers the period immediately following the events and continues for several years until 1946. It contains details of British mediation efforts between the two sides and also includes the text (in English and Arabic) of a reconciliation agreement between the two sides from 1944.

The file also contains a translation of an Arabic-language letter published in the Cairo publication 'Rabitat Al Arabieh' (f. 25). The letter is from a Bahraini and argues that the British had sided with Qatar in the conflict regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as they were afraid that if under Bahraini control, the concession for oil deposits near the town would be given to an American (as opposed to British) oil company as had been done in Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (231 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume. There are two incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and runs through to 224, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume. Anomalies: f.1A; f.126A; f.126B; f.141A; f.141B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎91r] (192/462), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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