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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎99r] (208/462)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (231 folios). It was created in 21 Jul 1937-14 Nov 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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D.O. JNO.C/768
political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
Bahrain, 15th May 1944
Please refer to the correspondence ending with your
demi-official letter jmo.71- S dated the 24th of January
addressed to Sir ulaf Caroe.
2. negotiations have been proceeding steadily since the
middle of December 1943. 1 do not propose to weary you
even with a resume' of the arguments which have been used
by the Shaikh of Bahrain, by the Shaikh of Qatar, and by
myself during the many hours of discussion which have taken
place since the inception of this latest attempt to solve
the Zubara problem. Kather i propose to inform you of the
present position and very briefly how it has been reached.
3. As you are aware negotiations were started with the
object of solving the Zubara problem by persuading the Shaikh
of Bahrain and the Shaikh of Qatar to agree to the Zubara area
being a 'neutral zone' on the lines of the 'neutral zone' bet
ween Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The proposition appealed to
the Shaikh of Bahrain but did not appeal to the Shaikh of
Qatar who was not prepared to relinquish his sovereignty over
any part of what he considered to be his dominions. i then
tried a different line and made certain personal suggestions
to the Shaikh of Bahrain which were that the actual buildings
at Zubara might be considered as the personal property of the
A1 Khalifah and also the ruins of the forts in the neghbour-
hood while the territory should remain as a part of the Shaikh-
dom of Qatar but the area in the immediate vicinity of Zubara
should be open to all comers without let or hindrance. The
Shaikh of Bahrain was to make it clear t |iat any agreement with
The Hon'ble Sir Geoffrey prior, K.C.l.E.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gull,
| No.. 932
.-i. k : js

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding the situation after hostilities that occurred between the Al Naim tribe (supported by Bahrain) and Qatar in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in June and July 1937.

The correspondence covers the period immediately following the events and continues for several years until 1946. It contains details of British mediation efforts between the two sides and also includes the text (in English and Arabic) of a reconciliation agreement between the two sides from 1944.

The file also contains a translation of an Arabic-language letter published in the Cairo publication 'Rabitat Al Arabieh' (f. 25). The letter is from a Bahraini and argues that the British had sided with Qatar in the conflict regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as they were afraid that if under Bahraini control, the concession for oil deposits near the town would be given to an American (as opposed to British) oil company as had been done in Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (231 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume. There are two incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and runs through to 224, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume. Anomalies: f.1A; f.126A; f.126B; f.141A; f.141B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎99r] (208/462), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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