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'File 61/7 (D 65) Bin Saud's relations with the Sheikh of Kuwait' [‎96r] (200/409)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (200 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1922-27 Jul 1929. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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TELEGRALI PROIa VICEROY, TO SECRETARY OP
STATE POR INDIA, DATED 12.12.23.
P.1727. Please refer to your telegrams dated 19th
September and 14th November , Nos.3392 and 4050.
As you are a^v/are, we are, on principle averse from
commitments in regard to the hinterland of Arabia
but, treaty obligations, which v/e must of course
observe, complicate the position in regard to Koweit.
On the one hand, definite promise has been given by
Ibn Saud, himself, that he will refrain from all inter
ference with or aggression upon Koweit territories;and
on the other hand, possession of the "town of Koweit
and its boundaries" (whatever the exact meaning of that
phrase may be) has been guaranteed by us to Ibn Subah
family and, in our treaty with Ibn Saud, we have
apparently mentioned Sheikh of Koweit as one of the
protected Sheikhs. No allusion, earlier than April,
1922, to Ion Saud's suggestion that collection of his
customs dues should be made in town of Koweit, instead
of on his own frontier, can be traced in our records.
In addition, we have no detailed information, since
that date, regarding the course of His Majesty's
Government's negotiations with Ibn Saud on this point.
Our remarks are, therefore, given with diffidence, but,
prima facie, both our own and Ibn Saud's engagements
would appear to be violated by Ibn Saud's suggestion,
and latter, for this reason, should be opposed. If
this is dono, automatic decrease in Ibn Saoid's
influence in Koweit, will take place. Apart from our
obligations to protected Sheikhs, including Koweit,
we should welcome Ibn Saud's extension to sea, pre
ferably in port which he has himself developed. He
would thus be rendered more accessible to our nava.l
power

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Content

The volume consists of letters (in English and Arabic), telegrams, and memoranda, the majority of which concern Najd-Kuwait relations. The correspondence is mostly between Ibn Sa'ud, Sheikh Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah of Kuwait, the High Commissioner of Iraq, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire, the Political Agencies in Bahrain and Kuwait, the Colonial Office, Foreign Office, and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , all in London, and the Government of India in Bengal.

Two main subjects are discussed in the correspondence. The first is the dispute over customs duties between Ibn Sa'ud and the ruler of Kuwait, including the nature of the problem and British attempts to solve it. The second is the Nationality Certificates issued to Najdi subjects in Kuwait, by Ibn Sa'ud. The latter half of the file also contains correspondence and several lengthy memorandums regarding the tribes of the region, especially those of the Ikhwan, and recent movements and hostilities along the Kuwait, Iraq, and Transjordan borders with Najd.

Extent and format
1 volume (200 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged in chronological order. There are numerous enclosures that are from an earlier date.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The sequence starts from the title page and ends on the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil and can be found in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 1A, 1B, and 1C; 71a1 and 71a2; 85A1, 85A2, and 85B; 89A1 and 89a2; 90A1 and 90a2. Eight individual folios have been given a number range, rather than a single number, written respectively as: 36-37; 48-49; 54-56; 61-63; 101-102; 132-135; 169-170; 180-181.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 61/7 (D 65) Bin Saud's relations with the Sheikh of Kuwait' [‎96r] (200/409), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/561, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023854473.0x000001> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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